Kiyoshi Ohura

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The lipopolysaccharide (LPS) secreted by Porphyromonas gingivalis is implicated in the initiation and progression of periodontitis. Human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs) are the major constituent of gingival connective tissue. In this study, we examined the expression of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) on HGFs by flow cytometric analysis, and studied the signal(More)
Histamine is released from stimulated basophils and mast cells, and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of allergic inflammatory processes. In vitro treatment of macrophages with histamine resulted in inhibition of chemotaxis. Moreover, histamine at l0(-5) M markedly inhibited the production of superoxide anions by both opsonized zymosan-A and(More)
In the inflammatory gingival tissues of patients with periodontitis, cytokines such as interleukin (IL)-1 alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha have been detected. Gingival fibroblasts are the major constituents of gingival tissue. We recently demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from periodontopathic bacteria induces(More)
UNLABELLED Recent studies have shown that vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene polymorphism had regulatory effects on bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover. The VDR gene has also been indicated as a candidate gene for the susceptibility of osteoporosis. However, it is unclear whether VDR genotypes could be associated with alveolar bone loss of patients with(More)
We examined the effect of cysteine protease of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) on cell adhesion molecules including intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) and very late antigen-4 (VLA-4) of human gingival epithelial cells. The cells were incubated for 48 hr with or without P. gingivalis protease.(More)
After intraarticular injection of TGF-beta 1 or TGF-beta 2, marked swelling and erythema of the injected joints were apparent within 12-24 h. On a scale of 0 to 4, by day 3, the TGF-beta-treated joints had articular indices (AI) of 3.6 +/- 0.5 to 4.0 +/- 0.0 compared with no response for the vehicle-injected contralateral joints. Histopathologic evaluation(More)
The innate host defense system is regulated in part by the number and activation of the function of neutrophils and macrophages. The immunological effects of a variety of quinolones on host defense functions of macrophage are reported. Ofloxacin (OFLX), lomefloxacin (LFLX), tosufloxacin (TFLX), fleroxacin (FLRX), sparfloxacin (SPFX) and levofloxacin (LVFX)(More)
Participation of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils in the inflammatory response is mediated, in part, by soluble factors such as chemotactic peptides and cytokines. Although the cytokine, transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta), has been shown to recruit monocytes and promote the inflammatory process, its effects on neutrophils are unknown. In this(More)
Rats with dwarfism accompanied by skeletal abnormalities, such as shortness of the limbs, tail, and body (dwarf rats), emerged in a Jcl-derived Sprague-Dawley rat colony maintained at the Institute for Animal Experimentation, St. Marianna University Graduate School of Medicine. Since the dwarfism was assumed to be due to a genetic mutation based on its(More)
Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of Porphyromonas gingivalis have been implicated in the initiation and development of periodontal diseases. In a previous study, we investigated the signal transduction pathway of P. gingivalis and demonstrated that LPS stimulates the production of interleukin (IL)-6 in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs), which in turn activates(More)