Learn More
BACKGROUND The scarcity of early biomarkers for acute renal failure has hindered our ability to launch preventive and therapeutic measures for this disorder in a timely manner. We tested the hypothesis that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) is an early biomarker for ischaemic renal injury after cardiopulmonary bypass. METHODS We studied 71(More)
BACKGROUND Irinotecan hydrochloride, a topoisomerase I inhibitor, is effective against small-cell lung cancer. In a phase 2 study of irinotecan plus cisplatin in patients with extensive small-cell lung cancer, there was a high response rate and a promising median survival time. METHODS We conducted a multicenter, randomized, phase 3 study in which we(More)
The molecular machinery governing glutamatergic-GABAergic neuronal subtype specification is unclear. Here we describe a cerebellar mutant, cerebelless, which lacks the entire cerebellar cortex in adults. The primary defect of the mutant brains was a specific inhibition of GABAergic neuron production from the cerebellar ventricular zone (VZ), resulting in(More)
Ghrelin is a novel hormone that possesses growth hormone (GH)-releasing, cardiovascular, and metabolic activities. Ghrelin is a unique acylated polypeptide, and the naked peptide, desacyl ghrelin, does not have the activity. This study examines plasma ghrelin concentrations in 41 patients with mild to severe renal diseases. Two kinds of radioimmunoassays(More)
BACKGROUND A single serum creatinine measurement cannot distinguish acute kidney injury from chronic kidney disease or prerenal azotemia. OBJECTIVE To test the sensitivity and specificity of a single measurement of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and other urinary proteins to detect acute kidney injury in a spectrum of patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Acute renal dysfunction (ARD) and subsequent acute renal failure after cardiac surgery are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Early therapeutic or preventive intervention is hampered by the lack of an early biomarker for acute renal injury. Recent studies showed that urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL or lipocalin(More)
Acute renal failure secondary to ischemic injury remains a common problem, with limited and unsatisfactory therapeutic options. Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was recently shown to be one of the maximally induced genes early in the postischemic kidney. In this study, the role of NGAL in ischemic renal injury was explored. Intravenous(More)
Despite the critical need for iron in many cellular reactions, deletion of the transferrin pathway does not block organogenesis, suggesting the presence of alternative methods to deliver iron. We show that a member of the lipocalin superfamily (24p3/Ngal) delivers iron to the cytoplasm where it activates or represses iron-responsive genes. Iron unloading(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (Ngal, 24p3, SIP24, lipocalin 2, or siderocalin) was originally purified from neutrophils, but with unknown function. Recently, it was identified that Ngal activates nephron formation in the embryonic kidney, is rapidly and massively induced in renal failure and possesses kidney-protective activity. We would like(More)
Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (Ngal), also known as siderocalin, forms a complex with iron-binding siderophores (Ngal:siderophore:Fe). This complex converts renal progenitors into epithelial tubules. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that Ngal:siderophore:Fe protects adult kidney epithelial cells or accelerates their recovery from damage.(More)