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The effects of acute food deprivation and acute cold exposure on 24-hr urinary isatin excretion in rats and a mechanism responsible for changes in urinary isatin excretion during stress were investigated. This is the first study to demonstrate by HPLC that urinary isatin excretion is increased by stress. Both types of stress induced a marked increase in(More)
We investigated the effects of lasers irradiation on the exposed dentinal tubule. Human tooth specimens with exposed dentinal tubule orifices were used. Three types of lasers (CO(2) laser, Er:YAG laser and Ga-Al-As laser) were employed. The parameters were 1.0 W in continuous-wave mode with an irradiation time of 30 s for the CO(2) laser, 30 mJ in(More)
A comparative study was performed to examine the lethal effects of several cytokines injected into mice sensitized with actinomycin D (Act-D). Consistent with published data, human tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) (0.2-5 micrograms) caused the death of the animals within 8-12 hr after injection. Human interleukin-6(More)
To study the effect of localised secretion of chemokines on tumour growth, the genes for human (hu) interleukin 8 (IL-8), hu-MCP-1 (MCAF), hu-MIP-1 alpha (LD78), murine (mu)-MCP-1 (JE), mu-MIP-1 alpha or mu-MIP-2 were introduced, via mammalian expression vectors, into Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells, and the ability of transfected cells to form tumours in(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of alkaline pH on calcification in human dental pulp (HDP) cells. HDP cells were cultured in pH 7.8 conditioned medium, and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity was measured. The ALP activity was higher in the pH 7.8 conditioned medium group than in the pH 7.2 conditioned medium group. Expression of(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on the mineralization ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells. HDP cells in vitro were irradiated once with a Ga-AL-As laser at 0.5 W for 500 s and at 1.0 W for 500 s in order to investigate free radicals as one mechanism for transmission of laser photochemical energy(More)
OBJECTIVE CCN family member 2/connective tissue growth factor (CCN2/CTGF) is known as an osteogenesis-related molecule and is thought to be implicated in tooth growth. Bone morphogenetic protein-1 (BMP-1) contributes to tooth development by the degradation of dentin-specific substrates as a metalloprotease. In this study, we demonstrated the correlations(More)
We investigated the effects of Ga-Al-As laser irradiation on the mineralization ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells and on Smads and bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) production as one mechanism for the transmission of laser photochemical energy to cells. HDP cells in vitro were irradiated once with a Ga-Al-As laser at 1.0 W for 500 s, and calcified(More)
The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of reactive oxygen species (ROS) on the calcification ability of human dental pulp (HDP) cells. HDP cells were treated with 100 mumol/L hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) for 5 or 10 minutes (5-min ROS group and 10-min ROS group) to investigate the mechanism of transmission to cells. Untreated cells were(More)
Plasminogen activator (PA) is the enzyme that converts plasminogen to its active form, plasmin, which is involved in various physiological and pathological phenomena. The conversion is catalyzed by two types of PA, urokinase-type PA (uPA) and tissue-type PA (tPA). We investigated the effect of the inflammatory cytokine interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) on PA(More)