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The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome. We also present an initial analysis of the data, describing some of the insights that can be gleaned(More)
Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type I (APS 1, also called APECED) is an autosomal-recessive disorder that maps to human chromosome 21q22.3 between markers D21S49 and D21S171 by linkage studies. We have isolated a novel gene from this region, AIRE (autoimmune regulator), which encodes a protein containing motifs suggestive of a transcription factor(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Low-energy laser irradiation has many anabolic effects such as the acceleration of bone formation. However, its effects on tooth movement, performed by bone resorption and formation, have not been well characterized. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 10 g of orthodontic force was applied to rat molars to cause(More)
A psychrophilic bacterium, previously described as Vibrio sp. strain ABE-1T, has been reassigned by phenotypic characterization, chemotaxonomic analysis and 16S rRNA phylogenetic analysis. The organism was curved rods and it could reduce nitrate to nitrite and hydrolyse gelatin and DNA, but not chitin. NaCl was required for growth. This strain was(More)
Aquaporin (AQP) 5 gene was recently isolated from salivary gland and identified as a member of the AQP family. The mRNA expression and localization have been examined in several organs. The present study was focused on elucidation of AQP5 expression and localization in the eye, salivary gland, and lung in rat. RNase protection assay confirmed intense(More)
We have constructed a human genomic bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library using high molecular weight DNA from a pre-pro-B cell line, FLEB14-14, with a normal male diploid karyotype. This BAC library consists of 96,000 clones with an average DNA insert size of 110 kb, covering the human genome approximately 3 times. The library can be screened by(More)
Facultatively psychrophilic alkaliphilic strains were isolated from seawater obtained off the coast of Rumoi, Hokkaido, Japan. They were Gram-negative, aerobic straight rods with polar flagella. The isolates were catalase- and oxidase-positive and able to grow at 4 degrees C, but not at 40 degrees C. They produced acid from D-glucose under aerobic(More)
We investigated the clinical, arthroscopic and biomechanical outcome of transplanting autologous chondrocytes, cultured in atelocollagen gel, for the treatment of full-thickness defects of cartilage in 28 knees (26 patients) over a minimum period of 25 months. Transplantation eliminated locking of the knee and reduced pain and swelling in all patients. The(More)
The human genome is by far the largest genome to be sequenced, and its size and complexity present many challenges for sequence assembly. The International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium constructed a map of the whole genome to enable the selection of clones for sequencing and for the accurate assembly of the genome sequence. Here we report the(More)
Catalase from the facultatively psychrophilic bacterium Vibrio rumoiensis S-1(T), which was isolated from an environment exposed to H(2)O(2) and exhibited high catalase activity, was purified and characterized, and its localization in the cell was determined. Its molecular mass was 230 kDa, and the molecule consisted of four identical subunits. The enzyme,(More)