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Social defeat experience in male rats causes an increase in anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus-maze. Some researchers have suggested that housing rats socially following social defeat attenuates and/or prevents an increase in anxiety-like behavior. However, many other studies have shown that individual housing per se enhances anxiety-like behavior(More)
Purpose: Detection of early CT signs of infarct in non-enhanced CT image is mandatory in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Loss of the gray-white matter interface at the lentiform nucleus or the insular ribbon has been an important early CT sign of acute cerebral infarction, which affects decisions on thrombolytic therapy. However, its detection is(More)
The ability of non-human primates to follow the gaze of other individuals has recently received much attention in comparative cognition. The aim of the present study was to investigate the emergence of this ability in a chimpanzee infant. The infant was trained to look at one of two objects, which an experimenter indicated by one of four different cue(More)
Bulbar compression by vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm is extremely rare and only reported in a few cases. We report two cases with thrombosed VA aneurysm compressing medulla oblongata; one presented with bulbar apoplexy hemorrhage and the other with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 61-year-old male (case 1) presented with consciousness disturbances, left(More)
CASE REPORT A 10-month-old boy, with congenital deafness and blindness associated with chromosomal deletion [46XY, del(13)(q32)], presented with intractable ascites 9 months after ventriculo-peritoneal shunting for congenital hydrocephalus. Revision of the ventriculo-atrial shunt resulted in shunt failure 1 month later. External ventricular drainage(More)
A series of 44 cases is presented of patients who received surgical treatment for unruptured aneurysms in the anterior circulation, and which were associated with ischemic cerebrovascular disease (CVD). The age of patients varied from 34 to 76 (mean 62.8) years old. The associated ischemic CVD was transient ischemic attack (TIA) in ten, minor completed(More)
The ischemic area surrounding the cerebral infarction in the eloquent area was salvaged by STA-MCA bypass surgery. Both the misery perfusion area evaluated by positron emission tomography (PET) using the [15O] gas inhalation steady-state method and clinical symptoms improved within a year after surgery. To confirm the ischemic area and select the suitable(More)
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) on initial computed tomography (CT) was reported to predict lesions of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) in the corpus callosum (CC) on subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to examine the relationship between initial CT findings and DAI lesions detected on MRI as well as the relationship between the severity of(More)
We demonstrate the first case with unruptured carotid-duplicated middle cerebral artery (IC-Dup MCA) aneurysm combined with ruptured opposite carotid aneurysm. Eleven IC-Dup MCA aneurysm reported until now had all ruptured. It is noteworthy that 8 patients of the 11 were Japanese.
This paper describes high-speed circuit configurations for CMOS source-coupled logic (SCL) circuits and T-type flip-flops (T-FFs). Our circuit technique uses the transient currents in the source follower for current switching to boost the circuit operating speeds. We achieved an improvement in the propagation delay time of the SCL circuit in 0.18-μm(More)