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Social defeat experience in male rats causes an increase in anxiety-like behavior in the elevated plus-maze. Some researchers have suggested that housing rats socially following social defeat attenuates and/or prevents an increase in anxiety-like behavior. However, many other studies have shown that individual housing per se enhances anxiety-like behavior(More)
The ability of non-human primates to follow the gaze of other individuals has recently received much attention in comparative cognition. The aim of the present study was to investigate the emergence of this ability in a chimpanzee infant. The infant was trained to look at one of two objects, which an experimenter indicated by one of four different cue(More)
Bulbar compression by vertebral artery (VA) aneurysm is extremely rare and only reported in a few cases. We report two cases with thrombosed VA aneurysm compressing medulla oblongata; one presented with bulbar apoplexy hemorrhage and the other with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). A 61-year-old male (case 1) presented with consciousness disturbances, left(More)
PURPOSE Recent studies have indicated that accumulation of amyloid β(1-42) (Aβ(1-42)), which is associated with the progression of Alzheimer disease, may also be responsible for retinal ganglion cell death in glaucoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the expression and localization of Aβ(1-42) in the retina and the optic nerve head (ONH) of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the time course of changes in optic nerve head (ONH) circulation after an acute increase in intraocular pressure (IOP), by using the laser speckle method, and to evaluate the effects of a calcium antagonist, the nitric oxide synthetase inhibitor, indomethacin, or sympathetic nerve amputation on the response in ONH circulation after an(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the potential of topical iganidipine ophthalmic solution to exert Ca(2+)-antagonistic activity in the posterior parts of the eye without inducing systemic effects, ocular and periocular penetration of topically instilled iganidipine was studied in pigmented rabbits. METHOD First, (14)C-iganidipine solution (0.03%, 30 microL) was(More)
CASE REPORT A 10-month-old boy, with congenital deafness and blindness associated with chromosomal deletion [46XY, del(13)(q32)], presented with intractable ascites 9 months after ventriculo-peritoneal shunting for congenital hydrocephalus. Revision of the ventriculo-atrial shunt resulted in shunt failure 1 month later. External ventricular drainage(More)
PURPOSE To compare the effects of a topical alpha agonist (vasoconstrictor) and a prostaglandin receptor (FP) agonist (vasodilator) on circulation in the optic nerve head (ONH) in experimental glaucomatous and normal eyes of monkeys. METHODS Tissue blood velocity in the ONH (NB(ONH)) was determined using the laser speckle method in both eyes of eight(More)
Intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) on initial computed tomography (CT) was reported to predict lesions of diffuse axonal injury (DAI) in the corpus callosum (CC) on subsequent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to examine the relationship between initial CT findings and DAI lesions detected on MRI as well as the relationship between the severity of(More)
PURPOSE To investigate circulatory changes in the optic nerve head (ONH) in response to vasoactive agents including calcium antagonists, a substrate of nitric oxide (NO), and an inhibitor of NO synthase (NOS) in monkeys with unilateral experimental glaucoma. METHODS Argon laser cautery to the trabecular meshwork was used to create experimental unilateral(More)