Kiyoshi Hirai

Learn More
To investigate the role of the NMDA receptor on neuronal migration in the cerebral cortex, we performed a tissue culture study using embryonic rat brain. After we labeled progenitor cells in the ventricular zone of E16 cerebral cortex explants by [3H]thymidine, the explants were cultured for 48 h. Then distribution of labeled cells was evaluated(More)
Regeneration of the sciatic nerve in transplanted nerve grafts in which laminin was inactivated was examined electron microscopically. Nerve grafts for transplantation were obtained from close cloned donor Wistar rats; 1-cm nerve segments of the sciatic nerve were frozen and thawed to kill the Schwann cells. Control recipient rats received grafts treated(More)
Acute hypoxia can deplete ATP and induce mitochondrial release of cytochrome c (cyt c) to initiate or enhance apoptosis, a process delayed or overcome with sufficient ATP and phosphorylation (activation) of survival factors such as Akt (also known as Protein Kinase B). We used an ex vivo brain slice model to investigate associations between levels of(More)
We performed a tissue culture study using embryonic rat brain to investigate the effect of excessive stimulation of NMDA receptors on neuronal migration in the cerebral cortex. After progenitor cells in the ventricular zone of E16 cerebral cortex explants were labeled with [(3)H]thymidine, the explants were cultured for 48 h, and distributions of labelled(More)
We analysed the level of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) somatostatin in children with febrile seizures and epilepsy. In the febrile seizure group (n = 23), the somatostatin level was 83.9 +/- 11.2 pg/ml, which was significantly higher than that of age-matched controls. CSF samples obtained within 3 h of the last seizure had higher somatostatin levels (106.1 +/-(More)
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphate (FBP), an endogenous intracellular metabolite in glycolysis, was found in many preclinical studies to be neuroprotective during hypoxia-ischemia (HI) when administered exogenously. We looked for HI neuroprotection from FBP in a neonatal rat brain slice model, using 14.1 T (1)H/(31)P/(13)C NMR spectroscopy of perchloric acid slice(More)
Cellular injury was evaluated in superfused cerebrocortical slices (350 micro m) from 7-day-old Sprague-Dawley rats exposed to 30 min hypoxia followed by 4 h of reoxygenation. At the end of hypoxia homogenous cytosolic immunoreactivity of cytochrome c increased approximately fourfold, cytochrome c intensity in western blot analyses increased more than(More)
Median and posterior tibial motor nerve conduction studies were performed on 10 children with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). Three patients with SMA type I, in whom rapid deterioration occurred, showed reduced motor nerve conduction velocity and a remarkably low M-wave amplitude in both nerves. In type II and III patients, the motor nerve conduction(More)
N-Methyl-D-aspartate-mediated neurotoxicity is known to involve nitric oxide production and to be augmented in an environment of reactive oxygen species. We used TUNEL staining and homogenous cytosolic immunoreactivity of cytochrome c in an acute brain slice preparation to investigate the influence of edaravone (3-methyl-1-phenyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one), a free(More)
Advancing methodologies in high field multinuclear (1)H/(31)P NMR spectroscopy continue to improve the chemical shift precision and signal amplitude sensitivity attainable in ex vivo NMR studies of respiring tissues. Thus it was straightforward in a 14.1-Tesla (600-MHz) system to use the well-known temperature dependence of the chemical shift of water(More)