Learn More
A family 2b carbohydrate-binding module from Streptomyces thermoviolaceus STX-II was fused at the carboxyl-terminus of XynB, a thermostable and single domain family 10 xylanase from Thermotoga maritima, to create a chimeric xylanase. The chimeric enzyme (XynB-CBM2b) was purified and characterized. It displayed a pH-activity profile similar to that of XynB(More)
In vitro random mutagenesis is a powerful tool for altering properties of enzymes. We describe here a novel random mutagenesis method using rolling circle amplification, named error-prone RCA. This method consists of only one DNA amplification step followed by transformation of the host strain, without treatment with any restriction enzymes or DNA ligases,(More)
The cepA putative gene encoding a cellobiose phosphorylase of Thermotoga maritima MSB8 was cloned, expressed in Escherichia coli BL21-codonplus-RIL and characterized in detail. The maximal enzyme activity was observed at pH 6.2 and 80 degrees C. The energy of activation was 74 kJ/mol. The enzyme was stable for 30 min at 70 degrees C in the pH range of 6-8.(More)
A family 36 glycosyltransferase gene was cloned from Vibrio proteolyticus. The deduced amino acid sequence showed a high degree of identity with ChBP (chitobiose phosphorylase) from another species, Vibrio furnissii. The recombinant enzyme catalysed the reversible phosphorolysis of (GlcNAc)2 (chitobiose) to form 2-acetamide-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucose(More)
Vibrio proteolyticus chitobiose phosphorylase (ChBP) belongs to glycosyl transferase family 36 (GT-36), and catalyzes the reversible phosphorolysis of chitobiose into alpha-GlcNAc-1-phosphate and GlcNAc with inversion of the anomeric configuration. As the first known structures of a GT-36 enzyme, we determined the crystal structure of ChBP in a ternary(More)
Bitter peptide solutions, prepared by the enzymatic hydrolysis of soy protein and milk casein, were treated with an aminopeptidase from the edible basidiomycete Grifola frondosa. As the incubation time elapsed, the amount of free amino acids released increased and the bitterness of the enzyme reaction mixtures decreased. However, the debittering of the milk(More)
Cellobiose phosphorylase, a member of the glycoside hydrolase family 94, catalyses the reversible phosphorolysis of cellobiose into alpha-D-glucose 1-phosphate and D-glucose with inversion of the anomeric configuration. The substrate specificity and reaction mechanism of cellobiose phosphorylase from Cellvibrio gilvus have been investigated in detail. We(More)
A cellobiose phosphorylase (CBP) cloned from the Clostridium thermocellum YM4 strain was purified to homogeneity, and the reaction mechanisms of both the phosphorolytic and synthetic reactions were studied in detail. The enzyme reaction proceeded via an ordered bi bi mechanism, in which P(i) bound to the enzyme prior to D-cellobiose and then G 1-P was(More)
Pro-aminopeptidase processing protease (PA protease) is a thermolysin-like metalloprotease produced by Aeromonas caviae T-64. The N-terminal propeptide acts as an intramolecular chaperone to assist the folding of PA protease and shows inhibitory activity toward its cognate mature enzyme. Moreover, the N-terminal propeptide strongly inhibits the(More)