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We introduce a new method of a biped walking pattern generation by using a preview control of the zero-moment point (Z M). First, the dynamics of a biped robot is modeled as a running cart on a table which gives a convenient representation to treat ZMP. After reviewing conventional methods of ZMP based pattern generation, we formalize the problem as the(More)
We introduce a method to generate whole body motion of a humanoid robot such that the resulted total linear/angular momenta become specified values. First, we derive a linear equation which gives the total momentum of a robot from its physical parameters, the base link speed and the joint speeds. Constraints between the legs and the environment are also(More)
For realtime walking control of a biped robot, we analyze the dynamics of a three-dimensional inverted pendulum whose motions are constrained onto an arbitrarily defined plane. This analysis leads us a simple linear dynamics, the Three-Dimensional Linear Inverted Pendulum Mode (3D-LIPM). Geometric nature of trajectories under the 3D-LIPM is discussed, and(More)
This paper proposes a universal stability criterion of the foot contact of legged robots. The proposed method checks if the sum of the gravity and the inertia wrench applied to the COG of the robot, which is proposed to be the stability criterion, is inside the polyhedral convex cone of the contact wrench between the feet of a robot and its environment. The(More)
This paper introduces an open architecture hu-manoid robotics platform (OpenHRP for short) on which various building blocks of humanoid robotics can be investigated. OpenHRP is a virtual humanoid robot platform with a compatible humanoid robot, and consists of a simulator of humanoid robots and motion control library for them which can also be applied to a(More)
This work proposes a new style of manipulation by a humanoid robot. Focusing on the task of pushing an object, the foot placement of it is planed in real-time according to the result of manipulation of an object. By controlling the arms using the impedance control, a humanoid robot can push an object stably regardless of the mass of an object. If an object(More)
A biped walking pattern generator which allows an additional ZMP control (auxiliary ZMP) is presented. An auxiliary ZMP is realized by an inverse system added to a pattern generator based on the ZMP preview control. To compensate the effect of the auxiliary ZMP, we apply virtual time shifting of the reference ZMP. As an application of the proposed method, a(More)
This paper studies the balance of a humanoid robot carrying a heavy object. Without knowing the mass and the position of the center of gravity of the object, the humanoid robot carries a heavy object stably by using the force sensor information attached at the wrists and the ankles. We first show how to generate the motion of a humamoid robot by taking the(More)
This paper proposes a method of a real-time gait planning for humanoid robots which can change stride immediately at every step. Based on an analytical solution of an inverted pendulum model, the trajectories of the COG (center of gravity) and the ZMP (zero-moment point) are parameterized by polynomials. Since their coefficients can be efficiently computed(More)