Kiyonori Yamaoka

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A nonlinear least squares program (MULTI) for microcomputers was developed. The program is written in BASIC programming language. Four algorithms, (1) Gauss-Newton method, (2) damping Gauss-Newton method, (3) modified Marquardt method and (4) simplex method, can be used for nonlinear curve fitting in MULTI. Up to five pharmacokinetic equations, which are(More)
A novel protein with mitogenic activity in vitro and immunomodulating activity in vivo has been isolated from the mycelial extract of an Oriental medicinal fungus, ling zhi (Ganoderma lucidium). This protein was named ling zhi-8 (LZ-8) and its biochemical and immunological properties are described. LZ-8 was purified by two chromatographic systems, gel(More)
The most appropriate treatment for patients with IgA nephropathy is controversial. Treatment with prednisolone, azathioprine, heparin-warfarin, and dipyridamole early in the course of disease may prevent immunologic renal injury in children with severe IgA nephropathy. To determine whether similar results can be obtained with a combination of just(More)
Screening for gene(s) homologous to v-Ha-ras (Harvey rat sarcoma viral ras gene) in the basidiomycete, Lentinus edodes, resulted in the isolation of a novel gene (designated priA), in addition to a ras gene homologue [Hori et al., Gene 105 (1991) 91-96]. The priA gene has a coding capacity of 258 amino acids (aa) interrupted by two short putative introns.(More)
We examined the relationship between the induction of an increase in the level of glutathione and the elevation of natural killer (NK) activity in mouse splenocytes by a low dose of gamma rays. The glutathione levels in mouse splenocytes increased significantly between 2 h and 6 h after whole-body gamma irradiation at 0.5 Gy, peaked at 4 h, and then(More)
Recently, the adverse effects of long working hours on the cardiovascular systems of workers in Japan, including "Karoshi" (death from overwork), have been the focus of social concern. However, conventional methods of health checkups are often unable to detect the early signs of such adverse effects. To evaluate the influence of overtime work on the(More)
A patient with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy who died from progressive intractable cardiac failure at the age of 18 is reported. At the age of 4, he presented with short stature, but multiorgan disorders including deafness, focal glomerulosclerosis, epilepsy and dilated cardiomyopathy appeared later in his clinical course. Laboratory tests showed(More)
A novel trypsin-like protease was purified to homogeneity from the sputum of patients with chronic airway diseases, by sequential chromatographic procedures. The enzyme migrated on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis to a position corresponding to a molecular weight of 28 kDa under both reducing and non-reducing conditions, and showed an apparent(More)
McCune-Albright syndrome (MAS) is characterized by café-au-lait spot, multiple endocrine hyperfunction, and polyostotic fibrous dysplasia. A somatic point mutation of Gsalpha protein was reported to decrease GTPase activity, leading to increase in the GSalpha-associated hormone actions via cAMP. IL-6 is known to stimulate osteoclast formation and in the(More)
Neutrophils are important effector cells of acute inflammation because of their potential capacity to synthesize various proinflammatory mediators, and inhibition of their production is expected to result in anti-inflammatory effects. In this study, we investigate the effects of the anti-inflammatory cytokines, interleukin-10 (IL-10) and IL-4, on prostanoid(More)