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Associations between diabetes and multisite cancer risk were examined in a case-control study of 11,672 incident cancer cases (5341 men and 6331 women) and 47,768 cancer-free controls (14,199 men and 33,569 women). Using an unconditional logistic regression model and controlling for potential confounding factors, a past/present history of diabetes was(More)
PURPOSE Genetic polymorphisms in DNA repair genes may influence variations in individual DNA repair capacity, which could be associated with the development of cancer. We detected the distributions of three single-nucleotide polymorphisms (XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XRCC3 Thr241Met and XPD Lys751Gln) in DNA repair genes, and assessed the associations of these genetic(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between Pro12Ala and C161T polymorphisms in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) gene and colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. We recruited 301 newly diagnosed CRC patients and 291 healthy control subjects at the Madras Cancer Institute in Chennai, India, from 1999 to 2001.(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) gene plays important roles in energy homeostasis. To examine interactions between consumption of foods and fatty acids and the Pro12Ala and C161T (His447His) polymorphisms for colorectal cancer, we performed two case-control studies in Japanese. In study 1, there were 128 colorectal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND Susceptibility to sporadic colorectal cancer is multifactorial and arises from interactive combinations of allelic variants in low-penetrance genes and relevant environmental risk factors. Genetic polymorphisms in metabolic enzymes as gene susceptibility factors may modify colorectal cancer risk. We evaluated the risk of colorectal cancer(More)
A case-control study of 164 lung adenocarcinoma (AC) patients with 181 age- and gender-matched healthy controls was conducted in order to assess any associations between glutathione-S-transferase M1 (GSTM1), cytochrome P4501A1 (CYP1A1) and cytochrome P4502E1 (CYP2E1) polymorphisms and susceptibility to lung AC in Chinese. The presence of CYP2E1 variant(More)
An epidemiological study of hepatitis viruses type B (HBV) and type C (HCV) and human T-cell leukemia virus type I (HTLV-I) was carried out among 103 residents (male:female=61:42) regarded as Sherpas, at Lukla (Solukhumbu district), Nepal in 2004. Blood was drawn from apparently healthy volunteers at ages of 28.8+12.3 (range 15-66) years. HBsAg, HBsAb,(More)
A cross-sectional study was conducted to clarify the associations of lifestyle factors (habitual exercise, alcohol intake and smoking habit) and plasma fatty acid (FA) concentrations as biomarkers of dietary FA intakes. We collected 7-d weighed diet records, lifestyle information and blood samples from 15 male and 79 female Japanese dietitians, and(More)
Dietary intake of fish rich in n-3 highly unsaturated fatty acids (HUFAs), such as eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), has been proposed to decrease cancer risk. In contrast to results from laboratory studies, however, protective effects for breast cancer have proved equivocal in epidemiological studies. In the present case-control(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan, the incidence rate of colon cancer has more rapidly increased than that of rectal cancer. The differential secular trends may be due to different dietary factors in the development of colon and rectal cancers. METHODS To compare dietary risk factors between colon and rectal cancers, we undertook a case-control study at Aichi Cancer(More)