Learn More
The aim of this study is to investigate the placental transport mechanism of cationic compounds by comparison of the uptake of an organic cation into human placental basal membrane vesicles (BLMVs) with that into organic cation transporter 3 (OCT3)-expressing cells. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis demonstrated that OCT3 is the only(More)
To elucidate the role of P-glycoprotein in human placenta, we examined its expression in placenta, and the transcellular transport and uptake of P-glycoprotein substrates in cultured human placental choriocarcinoma epithelial cells (BeWo cells). The uptake of [(3)H]vinblastine and [(3)H]vincristine into BeWo cells was increased in the presence of a(More)
We describe biochemical assessment of maternal circulation in a case of massive fetomaternal hemorrhage at term associated with intraplacental choriocarcinoma. Markedly elevated maternal serum hCG level at 37 weeks of gestation suggested choriocarcinoma as a cause of fetomaternal hemorrhage in this case. Measurement of maternal hCG may be a useful parameter(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the role of neutrophil-derived reactive oxygen species on endothelial cell dysfunction in preeclampsia. We first assessed the correlation between nitrite and superoxide anion production in normal nonpregnant (n=10), normal pregnant (n=15), and preeclamptic women (n=12). We then examined neutrophil-mediated oxygen(More)
Preeclampsia is associated with increased peripheral resistance. This study was performed to determine whether an increase of venous distensibility occurs as well in preeclampsia. We obtained venous distensibility by measuring the venous pressure-volume relation in the forearm with a water-filled plethysmograph. Twenty-one women with normal pregnancy, 12(More)
We present a case of a pregnant woman with hereditary antithrombin III deficiency and deep vein thrombosis of the left lower extremity managed by perinatal unfractionated heparin injection with antithrombin III replacement as well as by intrapartum placement of a temporary inferior vena cava filter. A massive thrombus of the right common iliac vein occurred(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the transport mechanism of valproic acid across the human placenta, we used human placental brush-border membrane vesicles and compared them with that of lactic acid. METHODS Transport of [3H]valproic acid and [14C]lactic acid was measured by using human placental brush-border membrane vesicles. RESULTS The uptakes of [3H]valproic(More)
Differentiation of extravillous trophoblast cells (EVT) to an invasive phenotype plays an essential role in establishing and maintaining feto-placental organization during human pregnancy. A switch in integrin expression occurs during this differentiation and is accompanied by changes in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Alteration of EVT behavior is also(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether preeclampsia enhances superoxide generation of neutrophils. METHODS Samples were obtained from 12 normal nonpregnant, 15 normal pregnant, and 11 preeclamptic women. The superoxide production of neutrophils was measured by the superoxide dismutase-inhibitable reduction of ferricytochrome C at 550-540 nm using a(More)
BACKGROUND Selenium-binding protein 1 (Selenbp1) is suggested to play a role in tumor suppression, and may be involved in the toxicity produced by dioxin, an activator of aryl hydrocarbon receptors (AhR). However, the mechanism or likelihood is largely unknown because of the limited information available about the physiological role of Selenbp1. METHODS(More)