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PURPOSE To determine the levels of pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline, two mature enzymatic cross-links, and pentosidine, an advanced glycation end product (AGE) cross-link, in the human vitreous, and to investigate the correlations among the cross-links and the effects of aging and diabetes mellitus (DM) on the levels of cross-links. METHODS Forty-five(More)
We evaluated the antioxidative effects of astaxanthin through the changes in superoxide scavenging activity, levels of hydrogen peroxide and total hydroperoxides in human aqueous humor. The study subjects were 35 patients who underwent bilateral cataract surgery on one side before and the other side after intake of astaxanthin (6 mg/day for 2 weeks). Their(More)
This was a preliminary study of the effects of antioxidant supplementation on the peroxidation status of the lens by investigating mRNA expression of anti-oxidative enzymes in the lens. The mRNA expression levels of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), β-actin (β-ACT) and 18S rRNA (18S) were measured in this study because they are common reference(More)
PURPOSE The degradation of hyaluronic acid induced by reactive oxygen species has been reported in vitro as a cause of vitreous liquefaction. In this study on in vivo human vitreous liquefaction, we examined the degree of degraded proteoglycan (PG) in human vitreous and the influence of peroxidation. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In this study we examined the(More)
PURPOSE To report chondroitin sulfate (CS) concentrations in tear fluid following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS Fourteen eyes that underwent LASIK were enrolled. We measured the CS isomers chondroitin 4 sulfate and chondroitin 6 sulfate using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay preoperatively and postoperatively on days 1 and 4, week 1,(More)
The relationship between the levels of two different crosslink compounds, pentosidine and pyridinoline, in human diabetic cataract lenses was investigated to elucidate the pathogenic mechanism of diabetic cataract. Subjects were classified into diabetes mellitus (DM) group and non-DM group according to the presence or absence of DM. The levels of the(More)
We herein report the case of a 20-year-old man who underwent a photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). We measured matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) activity and chondroitin 4 sulfate and chondroitin 6 sulfate concentrations in tear fluid. Tear fluid was collected pre-operatively via microcapillary tube, and was collected postoperatively on the first and fourth(More)
AIMS The aim of the present study was to evaluate the correlation between matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and chondroitin sulfate (CS) concentrations in human tear fluid following laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK). METHODS Twelve eyes from six patients who had no ocular complaints except for refractive errors, and who had undergone LASIK, were(More)
PURPOSE This study was conducted for the purpose of comparing differences in the types of free radicals in the aqueous humor of glaucoma and cataract patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Free radicals in the aqueous humor of 44 glaucoma eyes and 15 cataract eyes were measured by electron spin resonance (ESR), followed by comparing the detection rates. In(More)
We explored the effect of astaxanthin on vascular endothelial growth factor in the aqueous humor, by measuring vascular endothelial growth factor levels and oxidation-related parameters, including O2 (•-) scavenging activity, H2O2 level, and total hydroperoxide level in the aqueous humor, obtained from 35 patients before and after astaxanthin(More)