Kiyoko Yoshioka

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In this study, we show that LIM kinase 1 (LIMK1), a critical regulator of actin dynamics, plays a regulatory role in tumor cell invasion. We found that the level and activity of endogenous LIMK1 is increased in invasive breast and prostate cancer cell lines in comparison with less invasive cells. Overexpression of LIMK1 in MCF-7 and in MDA-MB-231 human(More)
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a malignant soft tissue tumor characterized by its unique t(X;18)(p11;q11) chromosomal translocation leading to the formation of the SS18-SSX fusion gene. The resulting fusion protein product is considered to play as an aberrant transcription factor and transform target cells by perturbing their gene expression program. However, the(More)
Metastasis is responsible for most cancer deaths. Here, we show that Aes (or Grg5) gene functions as an endogenous metastasis suppressor. Expression of Aes was decreased in liver metastases compared with primary colon tumors in both mice and humans. Aes inhibited Notch signaling by converting active Rbpj transcription complexes into repression complexes on(More)
The small GTPase Rho and Rho-associated protein kinase (Rho kinase, ROCK) signal participates in a variety of biological functions including vascular contraction, tumor invasion, and penile erection. Evidence also suggests Rho-ROCK is involved in signaling for mesenchymal cellular differentiation. However, whether it is involved in osteoblastic(More)
The SSX family proteins have been considered new members of the cancer/testis antigens because of the restricted expression in testis among normal tissues and the activation in a wide range of cancers. Thus, they would be potential molecular targets for immunotherapeutic strategies. We have developed a competitive nucleic acid sequence-based amplification(More)
Cell migration is essential for both organogenesis and tumor progression. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are reported to be critical for not only bone formation but also tumor invasion. Here, we found that treatment with recombinant human BMP-2 (rhBMP-2) enhanced the haptotactic response of murine osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 and osteosarcoma Dunn cells to(More)
We screened the small molecule compounds that stimulate osteogenesis by themselves or promote bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-induced bone formation. We found that a specific inhibitor for MAPK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase (MEK)-1, promoted the early osteoblastic differentiation and mineralization of extracellular matrix (ECM) in C2Cl2(More)
LIM kinase (LIMK) plays a critical role in stimulus-induced remodeling of the actin cytoskeleton by linking signals from the Rho family GTPases to changes in cofilin activity. Recent studies have shown an important role for LIMK1 signaling in tumor cell invasion through regulating actin dynamics. In this study, we investigate the role of LIMK1 in(More)
In order to display the full metastatic phenotype, the cancer cell must acquire the ability to migrate. In breast cancer, we have previously shown that insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) enhances cell motility in the highly metastatic MDA-231BO cell line by activating the type I IGF receptor (IGF1R). This motility response requires activation of IRS-2 and(More)
The small GTP-binding protein Rho and its target Rho-associated kinase trigger an intracellular signaling cascade that controls actin cytoskeleton and plays an essential role in cell motility and adhesion. A specific Rho-associated kinase inhibitor, Y-27632, has been reported to inhibit cancer invasion. Clinically, disseminated tumor cells in the(More)