Kiyoharu Nishide

Learn More
The disposition characteristics of beta-lactam antibiotics in rats were investigated, and a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model capable of predicting the tissue distribution and elimination kinetics of these drugs was developed. Protein-binding parameters in rat serum were determined by equilibrium dialysis. Linear binding was found for penicillin(More)
In the present study, the physiologically based pharmacokinetic model, which succeeded previously in predicting the pharmacokinetics of beta-lactam antibiotics in rats [A. Tsuji, T. Yoshikawa, K. Nishide, H. Minami, M. Kimura, E. Nakashima, T. Terasaki, E. Miyamoto, C.H. Nightingale, and T. Yamana: Physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for beta-lactam(More)
The degradation kinetics and mechanism of a new, orally effective cephalosporin derivative, cefadroxil, in aqueous solution were investigated at pH 2.51-11.5 at 35 degrees and ionic strength 0.5. The degradation rates were determined by high=pressure liquid chromatography. At constant pH and temperature, the degradation followed first-order kinetics and a(More)
The distribution kinetics of cefazolin in rats has been examined at four different ages (1, 7, 50 and 100 weeks). The steady state distribution volume of cefazolin, estimated from the plasma time course after i.v. injection of 20 mg/kg, varied between 136 ml/kg (50-week-old rats) and 297 ml/kg (1-week-old rats). The extracellular fluid volume, obtained from(More)
(-)-Epibatidine, an excellent candidate of non-opioidal anesthesia, was formally synthesized in short steps from di-(l)-menthyl (R)-allene-1,3-dicarboxylate that was facilely prepared as a single isomer by means of crystallization-induced asymmetric transformation from a diastereomer mixture of (R)- and (S)-allene-1,3-dicarboxylates. Taking advantage of the(More)
(+/-)-Galanthamine (1) was synthesized in excellent yield by applying PIFA-mediated oxidative phenol coupling of N-(4-hydroxy)phenethyl-N-(3',4',5'-trialkoxy)benzyl formamide (15b) as a key step. Because of the symmetrical characteristics of the pyrogallol moiety in the substrate (15b), the phenol coupling resulted in a sole coupling product except for(More)
Efficient synthetic routes of 2-amino-4-(omega-hydroxyalkylamino)pyrimidine derivatives were investigated in relation to the anti-influenza virus activity of these compounds. The derivatives in which cyclobutyl and cyclopentyl groups were introduced to the beta-position of the aminoalkyl group (especially the cyclobutyl group substituted by a phenylalkyl(More)
We studied the quorum sensing (QS) system and the related homoserine lactones (HSLs) observing Pseudomonas aeruginosa invasion using the epithelial cell monolayer penetration assay model. Compared to the PAO1 wild-type, the QS mutants, DeltalasI and DeltarhlI, were compromised in their capacity to invade. The decreased invasiveness of DeltarhlI was restored(More)
The first synthesis of a labdane diterpenoid, (-)-13-oxo-15,16-dinorlabda-8(17),11E-dien-19-oic acid [(-)-1a], isolated from the stem bark of Thuja standishii (GORD.) CARR., from the major component trans-communic acid (3a) is described.