Kiyoh Tanishima

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In order to avoid the use of experimental animals, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method was applied to differentiate Clostridium perfringens into five toxin types. Twenty-two out of 23 strains tested produced the toxin(s) corresponding to the toxin gene(s) identified by PCR, and vice versa. Consequently, the gene typing was consistent with(More)
We analyzed the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase gene of hereditary methemoglobinemia type I and type III, by using PCR-related techniques. The mutation in type I is a guanine-to-adenine substitution in codon 57 of exon 3 of the NADH-cytochrome b5 reductase gene, and the sense of this codon is changed from arginine to glutamine. In type III the mutation is a(More)
We have developed a simple reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic method for determining plasma ascorbic acid level and studied the relationship between its plasma concentration and fruit and vegetable intake and plasma dopamine-beta-hydroxylase activity. The samples were pretreated by precipitating the proteins and injected onto the column.(More)
Following the observation of two fraternal patients without neurologic symptoms, but with hereditary methemoglobinemia due to cytochrome b5 reductase deficiency in erythrocytic and nonerythrocytic cells, a familial study of their paternal and maternal relatives was undertaken. Ferrihemoglobin reductase activities in erythrocytes from the two patients were(More)
A flow diagram for the automated determination of ferricyanide reductase activity in red blood cells was prepared in the modules from AutoAnalyzer AA I (Technicon Instruments Inc). Ferricyanide reductase assay can be substituted for assay of cytochrome b5 reductase (EC, which plays a major role in reducing methaemoglobin in erythrocytes, and is(More)
A Japanese man with cytochrome b5 reductase (b5R) deficiency in various blood cell lineages (red cells, platelets, and lymphocytes) and in cultured fibroblasts demonstrated congenital methemoglobinemia associated with mental and neurological retardation, and various skeletal anomalies, such as spondylosis deformans and finger joint deformations, which have(More)
We assayed the isoenzymes of lactate dehydrogenase (EC in commercial quality control sea and several animal tissue extracts, using electrophoresis. We compared the Km values and activation energies of the isoenzymes, in order to find suitable animal tissue sources with a similar isoenzyme profile to that of human serum lactate dehydrogenase. Some(More)