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In plant species, when clonal growth produces a patchy structure and flowering ramets are clustered, the amount of pollen contributing to reproductive success is often regulated by pollinator efficiency and geitonogamy. The spatial population structure may influence reproductive success. We examined the clonal structure, the spatial ramet distribution, and(More)
Clonal growth occurring below the ground makes it difficult to identify individuals and demonstrate the demographic features of a focal plant species. In this study, genotypically identified ramets of a rhizomatous clonal herb, Convallaria keiskei Miq., were monitored for their growth, survival, and reproduction from 2003 to 2006. After the monitoring(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In clonal plants producing vegetative offspring, performance at the genet level as well as at the ramet level should be investigated in order to understand the entire picture of the population dynamics and the life history characteristics. In this study, demography, including reproduction and survival, the growth patterns and the spatial(More)
The evolutionary origins and advantages of clonal reproduction relative to sexual reproduction have been discussed for several taxonomic groups. In particular, organisms with a sessile lifestyle are often exposed to spatial and temporal environmental fluctuations. Thus, clonal propagation may be advantageous in such fluctuating environments, for sessile(More)
In sessile organisms such as plants, spatial genetic structures of populations show long-lasting patterns. These structures have been analyzed across diverse taxa to understand the processes that determine the genetic makeup of organismal populations. For many sessile organisms that mainly propagate via clonal spread, epigenetic status can vary between(More)
Gymnogobius isaza is a freshwater goby endemic to ancient Lake Biwa, the largest lake in Japan. The species is now listed as 'Critically Endangered' in the Red Data Book of Japan. Nevertheless, it remains subject to fishing without any specific management strategies. Previous studies using mitochondrial DNA markers showed that this fish species has two(More)
PREMISE OF THE STUDY Microsatellite markers were developed to analyze the clonal diversity and population genetic structure of a clonal plant, Cardamine leucantha. METHODS AND RESULTS Microsatellite loci were isolated by using compound simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers, resulting in 25 pairs including 14 useful markers. Samples from 33, 20, and 17(More)
Gymnogobius isaza is a freshwater goby endemic to Lake Biwa, Japan. They experienced a drastic demographic bottleneck in the 1950s and 1980s and slightly recovered thereafter, but the population size is still very small. To reveal dynamics of genetic diversity of G. isaza, we developed nine microsatellite markers based on the sequence data of a related goby(More)
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