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Marek's disease (MD) virus (MDV) is an alphaherpesvirus that causes MD, a lymphoproliferative disease in chickens. Pathotyping has become an increasingly important assay for monitoring shifts in virulence of field strains; however, it is time-consuming and expensive, and alternatives are needed to provide fast answers in the face of current outbreaks. The(More)
3.1 Oil, referred to as polychlorotrifluoroethylene (pCTFE), is a polymeric mixture consisting primarily of trimers and tetramers of chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) end-capped with chlorine. Inhalation studies have associated dose-related body weight loss, increased organ weights, and abnormal hepatic enzyme activities with exposure to pCTFE. The carboxylic(More)
The toxicity of polychlorotrifluoroethylene oil (3.1 oil) hydraulic fluid is believed to be related to the conversion of neutral chlorotrifluoroethylene (CTFE) oligomers to their corresponding halogenated fatty acids. Male Fischer-344 rats were orally gavaged (1.25 g/kg/d) with two batch formulated 3.1 oils (3.1 oil-C6 and 3.1 oil-C6:C8) and C6 CTFE(More)
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