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Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells grow as differentiated, epithelial colonies that display tissue-like organization. We examined the structural elements underlying the colony morphology in situ using three consecutive extractions that produce well-defined fractions for both microscopy and biochemical analysis. First, soluble proteins and phospholipid(More)
The structural filament network of the nucleus is prepared while still connected to the cytoskeleton. The relatively gentle procedure removes about 98% of the DNA and at least 86% of the histones. The matrix is bounded by an outer nuclear lamina connected to the cytoskeletal framework, as well as the inner filaments. The filaments range in diameter from 3(More)
The nucleus is an intricately structured integration of many functional domains whose complex spatial organization is maintained by a nonchromatin scaffolding, the nuclear matrix. We report here a method for preparing the nuclear matrix with improved preservation of ultrastructure. After the removal of soluble proteins, the structures of the nucleus were(More)
mAbs were generated against HeLa nuclear matrix proteins and one, HIB2, which selectively stained mitotic cells, was selected for further study. Western blot analysis showed H1B2 antibody detected a protein of 240 kD in the nuclear matrix fractions. The H1B2 antigen was completely masked in immunofluorescently stained interphase cells. However, removing(More)
The nucleus is spatially ordered by attachments to a nonchromatin nuclear structure, the nuclear matrix. The nuclear matrix and chromatin are intimately connected and integrated structures, and so a major technical challenge in nuclear matrix research has been to remove chromatin while retaining a native nuclear matrix. Most methods for removing chromatin(More)
The B1C8 monoclonal antibody detects a 180-kDa nuclear matrix-specific protein. The protein is a component of the dense, metabolically active bodies or assemblies revealed by resinless section electron microscopy of the nuclear matrix. These assemblies are scattered through the nuclear interior, enmeshed in a complex network of 11-nm filaments. Resinless(More)
Homologous interference during Sindbis virus infection has been investigated. Prior infection of either chicken embryo fibroblast or BHK(21) cell cultures results in reduced yields of progeny virions of the superinfecting genotype. This reduction in yield results from a reduction in the number of cells in the cultures capable of producing the superinfecting(More)
The maintenance of normal chromatin morphology requires ongoing RNA synthesis. We have examined the role of RNA in chromatin organization, using selective detergent extraction of cells, RNA synthesis inhibitors, and enzymatic digestion of nuclear RNA. Comparison of extracted and unextracted cells showed that the important features of chromatin architecture(More)
The role of cell configuration in regulating cell metabolism has been studied, using a system in which cell shape and surface contact can easily be manipulated. The suspension of anchorage-dependent mouse fibroblasts in Methocel results in a coordinate decrease of DNA, RNA, and protein synthesis. These processes are restored upon reattachment of cells to a(More)
Observations that cytoskeletal proteins assemble in vivo close to the time and site of synthesis have been confirmed and extended by an in vitro translation system. HeLa cytoskeletons prepared with Triton in a translation-extraction buffer without reticulocyte or wheat germ lysate efficiently incorporate 35S-methionine into polypeptides, and are stable(More)