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OBJECTIVE To determine the source localization(s) of the midlatency auditory magnetic response M50, the equivalent of the P50 potential, a sleep state-dependent waveform known to habituate to repetitive stimulation. METHODS We used a paired stimulus paradigm at interstimulus intervals of 250, 500 and 1000 ms, and magnetoencephalographic (MEG) recordings(More)
The role of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL) in the management of paediatric urinary tract calculi was evaluated. The study group included 22 children (13 male, 9 female) with an age range of 2 to 13 years. The renal calculi, including staghorn and ureteric calculi, varied in size from 0.3 to 5 cm. Overall stone clearance at 3 months was 79% with(More)
Marlex (polypropylene) mesh was used to replace the abdominal wall in massive incisional herniation in 50 patients. Seventeen unsuccessful attempts at primary repair had previously been made on nine patients. Patient follow-up ranged from 6 to 120 months (mean = 45 months). There was minor hernia recurrence in four (8 per cent) patients. In each instance it(More)
Primary hyperhidrosis, although lacking a precise definition and of unknown aetiology, disrupts professional and social life and may lead to emotional problems. A variety of treatment methods are used to control or reduce the profuse sweating which involves mainly the palms, soles and axillae. The simplest method, the application of topical agents, is(More)
A model of renal ischemia was used to study morphological changes and alterations in intrarenal blood flow. Renal artery blood flow was reduced from 120 to 20 ml./minute (normal 172 +/- 14) for 3 weeks. Morphological changes were assessed histologically, and by electronmicroscopy. Intrarenal blood flow was determined using microspheres. Flow rates less than(More)
Eighty-two patients presenting with subclavian steal syndrome (36 men, 46 women; median age, 66.5 years) were studied. All patients underwent clinical and noninvasive evaluation. Diagnosis was based on both a 20 mmHg difference in blood pressure between arms and reversed blood flow in the vertebral artery. Twenty-one patients (25.6%) had a transient(More)
One hundred and two patients who sustained thermal injury and who underwent 155 excisional procedures were prospectively studied in order to determine an accurate blood loss formula. Blood loss (mean +/- S.D.) is expressed as the percentage of the total blood volume lost for each per cent of body surface area excised and autografted. There was no(More)
It has been postulated that reduction in anal resting pressure following low anterior resection is due to intraoperative injury to the internal anal sphincter during transanal passage of the stapling device or damage to its nerve supply in the course of rectal mobilization. The aim of this study was to assess the relative importance of either mechanism.(More)
Chronic rupture of the aorta is a rare condition. In this report, the presentation, diagnosis, and management of two patients with this complication is described. Chronic rupture may occur without hypotension and may mimic several other conditions. CT scans are superior to ultrasound in diagnosis and evaluation. Emergency repair is not necessary in(More)