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BACKGROUND Our aim was to compare height velocity data, obtained from clinical height measurements, for girls who had idiopathic scoliosis with the data for adolescents who did not have scoliosis. We also compared the growth data with chronological age, menarchal age, and Risser sign in terms of their accuracy in the prediction of growth and progression of(More)
The authors evaluated 30 subjects with treated unilateral slipped capital femoral epiphysis and a range of severity from mild to severe to characterize gait and strength abnormalities using instrumented three-dimensional gait analysis and isokinetic muscle testing. For slip angles less than 30 degrees, kinematic, kinetic, and strength variables were not(More)
PURPOSE The vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib (VEPTR) thoracoplasty is a new technique devised for the treatment children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. This study describes our initial experience with this device. METHODS This is a retrospective chart review of all children undergoing VEPTR placement between October 2001 and December(More)
We reviewed 28 patients < 18 years of age with scoliosis and syringomyelia. Children with scoliosis and syringomyelia had an equal incidence of left- and right-sided curves with a normal sagittal alignment. Most were first seen at Risser 0 with significant curves, and curve progression occurred in half of the patients. Bracing was not effective in(More)
STUDY DESIGN Retrospective review of cases at a single institution from 1998 to 2005. OBJECTIVE The authors present their surgical experience, complications, and learned insight in 9 myelomeningocele children with kyphoscoliosis treated with combined spinal cord transection and spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Complication rates in spinal(More)
Adult stem cells offer the potential to treat many diseases through a combination of ex vivo genetic manipulation and autologous transplantation. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs, also referred to as marrow stromal cells) are adult stem cells that can be isolated as proliferating, adherent cells from bones. MSCs can differentiate into multiple cell types(More)
PURPOSE Bryant's traction is the most commonly used method for immobilization after bladder exstrophy repair. We hypothesized that spica casting is a safe and effective alternative to Bryant's traction after complete primary repair of exstrophy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Complete primary repair of exstrophy was performed for initial repair in 39 consecutive(More)
Torticollis in children may result from a wide variety of pathologic processes. We retrospectively analyzed 288 patients seen in a tertiary care pediatric orthopedic facility for the evaluation of torticollis over a 10-year period to ascertain the frequency of nonmuscular causes of this condition. Fifty-three of these children (18.4% of the study(More)
BACKGROUND Adoption rates are increasing in the United States and other developed countries. A large proportion of adopted children have been found to have unsuspected medical diagnoses, including orthopedic problems. One condition, termed injection-induced gluteus maximus contracture, has been previously described in several case series and can be(More)