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Spiking neural networks (SNN) aim to mimic membrane potential dynamics of biological neurons. They have been used widely in neuromorphic applications and neuroscience modeling studies. We design a parallel SNN accelerator for producing large-scale cortical simulation targeting an off-theshelf Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA)-based system. The(More)
NeuroFlow is a scalable spiking neural network simulation platform for off-the-shelf high performance computing systems using customizable hardware processors such as Field-Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs). Unlike multi-core processors and application-specific integrated circuits, the processor architecture of NeuroFlow can be redesigned and reconfigured to(More)
Linguistic style conveys the social context in which communication occurs and defines particular ways of using language to engage with the audiences to which the text is accessible. In this work, we are interested in the task of stylistic transfer in natural language generation (NLG) systems, which could have applications in the dissemination of knowledge(More)
In Chinese orthography, a dominant structure exists in which a semantic radical appears on the left and a phonetic radical on the right (SP characters); the minority, opposite arrangement also exists (PS characters). Recent studies showed that SP character processing is more left hemisphere (LH) lateralized than PS character processing; nevertheless, it(More)
In this paper, we focus on the synthetic understanding of documents, specifically reading comprehension (RC). A current problem with RC is the need for a method of analyzing the RC system performance to realize further development. We propose a methodology for examining RC systems from multiple viewpoints. Our methodology consists of three steps: define a(More)
We propose to base the development of vector-space models of semantics on concept extensions, which defines concepts to be sets of entities. We investigate two sources of knowledge about entities that could be relevant: distributional information provided by word or phrase embeddings, and ontological information derived from a knowledge base. We develop a(More)
In goal-driven dialogue systems, success is often defined based on a structured definition of the goal. This requires that the dialogue system be constrained to handle a specific class of goals and that there be a mechanism to measure success with respect to that goal. However, in many human-human dialogues the diversity of goals makes it infeasible to(More)
In Chinese orthography, the most common character structure consists of a semantic radical on the left and a phonetic radical on the right (SP characters); the minority, opposite arrangement also exists (PS characters). Recent studies showed that SP character processing is more left hemisphere (LH) lateralized than PS character processing. Nevertheless, it(More)