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Prolonged disuse of skeletal muscle causes significant loss of myofibrillar contents, muscle tension, and locomotory capacity. However, hibernating mammals like bats appear to deviate from this trend. Although low functional demands during winter dormancy has been implicated as a factor contributing to reduced muscle loss, the precise mechanism that(More)
Unloading of skeletal muscle causes atrophy and altered contractility. To identify major muscle proteins responding significantly to the altered loading and to elucidate how the contractile alterations reflect potential proteomic modifications, we examined protein expression in the rat soleus muscle during 3-week hindlimb suspension and 2-week reloading.(More)
Hibernators like bats show only marginal muscle atrophy during prolonged hibernation. The current study was designed to test the hypothesis that hibernators use periodic arousal to increase protein anabolism that compensates for the continuous muscle proteolysis during disuse. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the effects of 3-month hibernation (HB)(More)
At times, exercise accompanied by its anabolic effects is not a tractable countermeasure to muscle atrophy. Instead, training is often attempted after the affected muscle has atrophied greatly as a result of unloading. This study was designed to elucidate stress and signaling mechanisms underlying a process of muscle catch-up growth as a result of(More)
In order to elucidate muscle functional changes by acute reloading, contractile and fatigue properties of the rat soleus muscle were investigated at three weeks of hindlimb suspension and the following 1 hr, 5 hr, 1 d, and 2 weeks of reloading. Compared to age-matched controls, three weeks of unloading caused significant changes in myofibrillar alignments,(More)
Skeletal muscle undergoes a significant reduction in tension upon unloading. To explore intracellular signalling mechanisms underlying this phenomenon, we investigated twitch tension, the ratio of actin/myosin filaments, and activities of key signalling molecules in rat soleus muscle during a 3-week hindlimb suspension and 2-week reloading. Twitch tension(More)
The molecular components that generate and maintain circadian rhythms of physiology and behavior in mammals are present both in the brain (suprachiasmatic nucleus; SCN) and in peripheral tissues. Examination of mice with targeted disruptions of either mPer1 or mPer2 has shown that these two genes have key roles in the SCN circadian clock. Here we show that(More)
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