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HYPOTHESIS Lack of access to surgical care is a public health crisis in developing countries. There are few data that describe a nation's ability to provide surgical care. This study combines information quantifying the infrastructure, human resources, interventions (ie, procedures), emergency equipment and supplies for resuscitation, and surgical(More)
BACKGROUND Surgeons OverSeas (SOS), a New York-based organization with a mission to save lives in developing countries, conducted a surgical needs assessment in Sierra Leone in 2008 which identified a large gap in surgical knowledge. We hypothesized that knowledge transfer could be improved by conducting workshops with significant local faculty(More)
Traditionally, efforts to reduce child mortality in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) have focused on infectious diseases. However, surgical care is increasingly seen as an important component of primary health care. To understand the baseline surgical capacity in LMICs, a number of studies have recently been published, but none has focused on(More)
In April 2010 Sierra Leone launched a nationwide program that provides free health care to all pregnant and lactating women and children under 5 years old. This study evaluates the effect that the free health-care program had on pediatric surgical activities of Connaught Hospital. The study period was defined as the 20 months before and after April 27,(More)
Surgical patients and healthcare workers in sub-Saharan Africa are at an increased risk of contracting HIV. Sierra Leone is one of the poorest countries in the world and has a documented HIV prevalence rate of 2%. Because surgeons and other healthcare staff in sub-Saharan Africa are at risk for HIV exposure from their patients, an assessment of protective(More)
PRELIMINARY STUDIES A facility review and focus group discussions revealed poor capacity to manage obstetric complications. INTERVENTIONS In response, a physician with obstetric skills was posted, and a second physician was trained. Courses in life-saving obstetric skills were held for nurses and midwives. An unused operating theater was made functional(More)
BACKGROUND The demand for high quality hospital care for children in low resource countries is not being met. This paper describes a number of strategies to improve emergency care at a children's hospital and evaluates the impact of these on inpatient mortality. In addition, the cost-effectiveness of improving emergency care is estimated. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND A mass casualty incident (MCI) occurs when a disaster involves a large number of injured people, overwhelming the capacity of local emergency medical services. This article describes the planning and execution of a MCI workshop created for use in Sierra Leone, a low-income country. METHODS Surgeons OverSeas (SOS), an international(More)
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