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BACKGROUND & AIMS Although there are some data on prevalence of portosplenomesenteric venous thrombosis (PSMVT) in patients with acute pancreatitis (AP), the progression of PSMVT in patients who have and have not received anticoagulants has not been studied systematically. We evaluated the prevalence and natural history of PSMVT in a well-defined cohort of(More)
Recent advances in our ability to identify and characterize the human microbiota have transformed our appreciation of the function of the colon from an organ principally involved in the reabsorption of secretory fluids to a metabolic organ on a par with the liver. High-throughput technology has been applied to the identification of specific differences in(More)
The food we consume feeds not only us, but also a vast and diverse community of microbiota within our gastrointestinal tract. In a process of symbiotic co-evolution, the gut microbiota became essential for the maintenance of the health and integrity of our colon. The advent of next-generation DNA sequencing technology and metabolic profiling have, in the(More)
Extensive resection of the intestine impairs its absorptive capacity and results in short bowel syndrome when the nutritional equilibrium is compromised. The remnant intestine adapts structurally to compensate, but nutritional autonomy cannot be achieved in patients with intestinal failure, requiring intravenous fluids and parenteral nutrition (PN) for(More)
GOALS To report the clinical profile and natural course in a large series of patients with hypertriglyceridemia (HTG) and acute pancreatitis (AP). BACKGROUND The natural history of HTG-related pancreatitis is poorly defined. STUDY Medical records of 121 patients with serum triglycerides (TG) levels of ≥500 mg/dL suffering 225 attacks of AP between(More)
Drug induced liver injury (DILI) can result either from dose-dependent direct hepatotoxicity or from an unpredictable dose-independent idiosyncratic reaction. Incidence of idiosyncratic DILI is estimated to be approximately 10-15 per 100,000 patient years. Here we report an extremely rare case of metronidazole induced delayed immune-allergic hepatocellular(More)
Rates of colon cancer are much higher in African Americans (65:100,000) than in rural South Africans (<5:100,000). The higher rates are associated with higher animal protein and fat, and lower fibre consumption, higher colonic secondary bile acids, lower colonic short-chain fatty acid quantities and higher mucosal proliferative biomarkers of cancer risk in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Few data are available on how many patients are readmitted to the hospital after attacks of acute pancreatitis. We aimed to determine the risk and factors that determine early (within 30 days) and late (after 30 days) readmission of patients with acute pancreatitis. METHODS In a retrospective study, we collected and analyzed data on 127(More)