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Human evaluations of machine translation are extensive but expensive. Human evaluations can take months to finish and involve human labor that can not be reused. We propose a method of automatic machine translation evaluation that is quick, inexpensive, and language-independent, that correlates highly with human evaluation , and that has little marginal(More)
We approximate Arabic's rich morphology by a model that a word consists of a sequence of morphemes in the pattern prefix*-stem-suffix* (* denotes zero or more occurrences of a morpheme). Our method is seeded by a small manually segmented Arabic corpus and uses it to bootstrap an unsupervised algorithm to build the Arabic word segmenter from a large(More)
This paper describes results of an experiment with 9 different DARPA Communicator Systems who participated in the June 2000 data collection. All systems supported travel planning and utilized some form of mixed-initiative interaction. However they varied in several critical dimensions: (1) They targeted different back-end databases for travel information;(More)
Display advertising has traditionally been sold via guaranteed contracts – a guaranteed contract is a deal between a publisher and an advertiser to allocate a certain number of impressions over a certain period, for a pre-specified price per impression. However, as spot markets for display ads, such as the RightMedia Exchange, have grown in prominence, the(More)
We consider translating natural language sentences into a formal language using direct translation models built automatically from training data. Direct translation models have three components: an arbitrary prior conditional probability distribution, features that capture correlations between automatically determined key phrases or sets of words in both(More)