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Pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase (PDK) is activated in right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), causing an increase in glycolysis relative to glucose oxidation that impairs right ventricular function. The stimulus for PDK upregulation, its isoform specificity, and the long-term effects of PDK inhibition are unknown. We hypothesize that FOXO1-mediated PDK4(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to assess the effectiveness of a novel percutaneous method to treat left ventricular assist device (LVAD)-associated severe aortic insufficiency (AI) in a series of patients determined to be poor reoperative candidates. BACKGROUND The increased use of continuous-flow LVAD in advanced heart failure has led to marked changes in(More)
e15115 Background: A Phase III clinical trial ( NCT00321620 ) recently demonstrated that denosumab delayed time to 1st skeletal-related event (SRE) and subsequent SREs longer than zoledronic acid (ZA), but showed no difference in either survival or disease progression between the two products. The objective of this study was to conduct an economic(More)
The rapid growth of cancer cells is permitted by metabolic changes, notably increased aerobic glycolysis and increased glutaminolysis. Aerobic glycolysis is also evident in the hypertrophying myocytes in right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), particularly in association with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). It is unknown whether glutaminolysis occurs in(More)
BACKGROUND Early repolarization, indicated on the standard 12-lead ECG, has recently been associated with idiopathic ventricular fibrillation in patients without structural heart disease. It is unknown whether there is an association between early repolarization and ventricular arrhythmias in the coronary artery disease (CAD) population. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND The cause and consequences of impaired adrenergic signaling in right ventricular failure/hypertrophy (RVH) are poorly understood. We hypothesized that G protein-coupled receptor kinase-2 (GRK2)-mediated uncoupling of β-adrenergic receptor signaling impairs inotropic reserve. The implications of right ventricular (RV) adrenergic remodeling for(More)
Array-comparative genomic hybridization (a-CGH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique for detection of multiple chromosomal abnormalities in genomic DNA samples. Using an a-CGH with 287 probes, we examined 14 cases of breast infiltrating ductal carcinoma (IDCA) that had previously been classified by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) as either human(More)
The diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome relies on clinical history, electrocardiographic (ECG) changes, and cardiac biomarkers; but within the spectrum of acute coronary syndrome, there exist subtle presentations that cannot afford to be overlooked. Wellens syndrome is one such example, in which a patient can present with both ECG changes that are not(More)
Pharmacogenomics explores one drug's varying effects on different patient genotypes. A better understanding of genomic variation's contribution to drug response can impact 4 arenas in heart failure (HF): (1) identification of patients most likely to receive benefit from therapy, (2) risk stratify patients for risk of adverse events, (3) optimize dosing of(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the use of surrogate measures in pulmonary hypertension (PH) clinical trials and how it relates to clinical practice. BACKGROUND Studies of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) employ a variety of surrogate measures in addition to clinical events because of a small patient population, participant burden, and costs. The use of these(More)