Learn More
Hypertension leads to impaired contractile function. This study examined the impact of inhibition of sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+-ATPase (SERCA) by thapsigargin or cyclopiazonic acid (CPA) on cardiac contractile function in ventricular myocytes from Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Mechanical properties were examined(More)
The Na/Ca exchanger protein encoded by the NCX1 gene provides the predominant mechanism for calcium efflux during cardiac relaxation. Because beta -adrenergic stimulation increases expression of Ca(2+)channels (Ca(2+)influx) in cardiac myocytes, we tested the hypothesis that isoproterenol would concomitantly augment expression of NCX1. Four hour treatment(More)
Gender-related differences in cardiac function have been described in the literature, but whether the presence of sex hormones is responsible for these differences remains unclear. This study was designed to determine whether testosterone regulates the gene expression of calcium regulatory proteins in rat heart, thus playing a role in gender-related(More)
Studies were carried out to determine the possible mechanism(s) by which prolactin (PRL) stimulates alpha-lactalbumin and galactosyl transferase activity in cultured mouse mammary tissues. In earlier studies it was shown that the onset of the PRL stimulation of galactosyl transferase activity occurs between 4 and 8 hr after adding prolactin to cultured(More)
Sex-related differences in cardiac function have been well documented. The extent to which sex hormones are responsible for these differences is unclear. The current study was designed to determine whether castration and androgen replacement resulted in changes in functional expression of genes encoding the L-type calcium channel and Na/Ca exchanger in(More)
The Na/Ca exchanger encoded by the NCX1 gene plays an important role in calcium homeostasis in cardiac muscle. We previously identified three in vitro signaling pathways that are of major importance in the regulation of Na/Ca exchanger gene expression in neonatal cardiac myocytes, the protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C (PKC) pathways, and(More)
Variation between the sexes in cardiac function have been established. The extent to which sex hormones are responsible for these differences is unclear. The current study was designed to determine whether testosterone acts acutely to enhance contractility of cultured rat ventricular myocytes. Following a 24-h treatment with testosterone (1 microM),(More)
Sex differences in cardiac function have been identified. Studies suggest that the presence of testosterone in males may contribute to the observed differences in cardiac function. Our laboratory has shown previously that testosterone treatment of gonadectomized adult male rats enhances contractility of isolated rat ventricular myocytes. In this study we(More)
Studies were carried out to characterize the effect of prolactin (PRL) on amino acid uptake into mammary gland explants derived from 12- to 14-day pregnant mice. PRL approximately doubles the rate of uptake of alpha-aminoisobutyrate (AIB), arginine, and hydroxyproline but has no effect on the intracellular accumulation of unincorporated leucine. PRL(More)
The alpha1c subunit (DHP receptor) of the L-type Ca2+ channel is important for calcium homeostasis in cardiac muscle. The DHPr provides the primary mechanism for calcium influx during contraction. Published results demonstrate three in vitro signaling pathways that are important in the regulation of DHPr gene expression in neonatal cardiac myocytes, the(More)