Kisali Pallangyo

Learn More
Causes of community-acquired bloodstream infections (BSIs) in sub-Saharan Africa are unknown with regard to mycobacteria and fungi. We prospectively studied 517 consecutive febrile (axillary temperature, > or =37.5 degrees C) adults (> or =15 years of age) admitted to one hospital in Tanzania. After hospital admission and informed consent, blood was drawn(More)
Although tuberculosis was unknown in sub-Saharan Africa before the 19th century, rapid spread of infections due to Mycobacterium tuberculosis occurred during the 20th century and could be found in up to 50% of the adult population by the 1950s. Owing to changes in age structure, rapid urbanization associated with overcrowding living conditions, increasing(More)
To determine the survival time once acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) has developed, we analysed case records of 274 patients confirmed to have died of the disease. Of the 274 patients 193 were males and 81 females (M:F 2:1). The duration of symptoms ranged from a few weeks to two years but over 70% had apparently enjoyed good health until 2-3(More)
We conducted retrospective, comparative analyses of contamination rates for cultures of blood obtained in the emergency rooms of Muhimbili National Hospital (MNH) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania; Lilongwe Central Hospital (LCH) in central Malawi; and the Duke University Medical Center (DUMC) in the United States. None of the emergency room patients had(More)
To examine the relationship between radiographic features, serum beta-2-microglobulin (beta-2-M) levels, results of sputum-smear microscopy and outcome, we performed a retrospective study of 99 HIV-seropositive and 162 HIV-seronegative patients with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Radiographic features of primary TB were more common(More)
Cutaneous manifestations are common in patients with HIV infection and tend to be more frequent as immunodeficiency progresses. In the initial stage of HIV infection a transient maculopapular-rash may appear. During the otherwise asymptomatic phase that follows, patients may develop seborrhoeic dermatitis, persistent genital ulcer disease, pruritic papular(More)
We tested 120 consecutive admissions with sputum positive pulmonary tuberculosis for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1). Pre-treatment chest x-ray appearances were recorded. Seventy one patients (59%) were males and 49 (41%) were females. 43 (35.8%) patients were seropositive for HIV, and were all in the age range 16-45 years. The(More)
584 healthy inhabitants of seven different areas in Nagasaki prefecture, namely Nagasaki city, Shimabara city, Fukue city, Oseto town, Wakamatsu town, Arikawa town and Shinuonome town, were examined for antibody to Rickettsia tsutsugamushi by the immuneperoxidase method using Gilliam strain as antigen. The IgG antibody positive rates ranged from 2.0 to 60.0(More)
A one point dilution enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) procedure suitable for determining immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibody levels to Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) in community seroepidemiological surveys is described. A two-fold serial dilution ELISA procedure was first used to determine the IgG titers in 56 and 83 sera earlier screened by the(More)