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MicroRNAs are endogenous, noncoding, small RNAs that regulate expression and function of genes, but little is known about regulation of microRNA in the kidneys under normal or pathologic states. Here, we generated a mouse model in which the proximal tubular cells lack Dicer, a key enzyme for microRNA production. These mice had normal renal function and(More)
The mechanisms by which macrophages mediate the enhanced inflammation associated with diabetes complications are not completely understood. We used RNA sequencing to profile the transcriptome of bone marrow macrophages isolated from diabetic db/db mice and identified 1,648 differentially expressed genes compared with control db/+ mice. Data analyses(More)
MicroRNAs are small noncoding RNAs that are produced endogenously and have emerged as important regulators in pathophysiological conditions such as development and tumorigenesis. Very little is known about the regulation of microRNAs in renal diseases, including acute kidney injury (AKI). In this study, we examined the regulation of microRNA-34a (miR-34a)(More)
Ischemia-reperfusion injury contributes to tissue damage and organ failure in clinical settings, but the underlying mechanism remains elusive and effective therapies are still lacking. Here, we identified microRNA 687 (miR-687) as a key regulator and therapeutic target in renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. We show that miR-687 is markedly upregulated in the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are endogenously produced, short RNAs that repress and thus regulate the expression of almost half of known protein-coding genes. miRNA-mediated gene repression is an important regulatory mechanism to modulate fundamental cellular processes such as the cell cycle, growth, proliferation, phenotype, and death, which in turn have major(More)
Checkpoint kinase 1 (Chk1) is a key regulator of checkpoint signaling in both the unperturbed cell cycle and DNA damage response. Under these conditions, Chk1 becomes active to prevent premature CDK1 activation and mitotic entry until DNA is properly replicated or repaired. It is unclear how Chk1 activity is controlled in the unperturbed cell cycle. During(More)
Inflammation has a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications, including diabetic nephropathy (DN). MicroRNAs have recently emerged as important regulators of DN. However, the role of microRNAs in the regulation of inflammation during DN is poorly understood. Here, we examined the in vivo role of microRNA-146a (miR-146a), a known(More)
It is important to find better treatments for diabetic nephropathy (DN), a debilitating renal complication. Targeting early features of DN, including renal extracellular matrix accumulation (ECM) and glomerular hypertrophy, can prevent disease progression. Here we show that a megacluster of nearly 40 microRNAs and their host long non-coding RNA transcript(More)
Bcl-2 family proteins are central regulators of apoptosis. As the prototypic member, Bcl-2 protects various types of cells against apoptotic insults. In mammalian cells, Bcl-2 has a dual subcellular localization, in mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The respective roles played by mitochondrial and ER-localized Bcl-2 in apoptotic inhibition are(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNA) are endogenously produced short noncoding regulatory RNAs that can repress gene expression by posttranscriptional mechanisms. They can therefore influence both normal and pathological conditions in diverse biological systems. Several miRNAs have been detected in kidneys, where they have been found to be crucial for renal development and(More)
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