Kirsty L Culley

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OBJECTIVE Wnt-1-inducible signaling pathway protein 3 (WISP-3)/CCN6 is mutated in progressive pseudorheumatoid dysplasia and may have effects on cartilage homeostasis. The aim of this study was to ascertain additional roles for WISP-3/CCN6 by determining its expression in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage and by investigating its effects on cartilage-relevant(More)
MMP-28 (epilysin) is a recently cloned member of the MMP (matrix metalloproteinase) family. It is highly expressed in the skin by keratinocytes, the developing and regenerating nervous system and a number of other normal human tissues, as well as a number of carcinomas. The MMP28 promoter has previously been cloned and characterized identifying a conserved(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the ability of a broad-spectrum histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor to protect cartilage in vivo, and to explore the effects of class-selective HDAC inhibitors and small interfering RNA (siRNA)-induced knockdown of HDACs on metalloproteinase expression and cartilage degradation in vitro. METHODS A destabilization of the medial(More)
OBJECTIVE Sulforaphane (SFN) has been reported to regulate signaling pathways relevant to chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of SFN treatment on signaling pathways in chondrocytes and to determine whether sulforaphane could block cartilage destruction in osteoarthritis. METHODS Gene expression, histone acetylation, and(More)
Matrix metalloproteinase-28 (MMP-28, epilysin) is highly expressed in the skin by keratinocytes, the developing and regenerating nervous system and a number of other normal human tissues. In epithelial cells, over-expression of MMP-28 mediates irreversible epithelial to mesenchymal transition concomitant with loss of E-cadherin from the cell surface and an(More)
The surgical model of destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM) has become a gold standard for studying the onset and progression of posttraumatic osteoarthritis (OA). The DMM model mimics clinical meniscal injury, a known predisposing factor for the development of human OA, and permits the study of structural and biological changes over the course of(More)
We previously reported that perlecan, a heparan-sulfate proteoglycan (Hspg2), expressed in the synovium at the cartilage-synovial junction, is required for osteophyte formation in knee osteoarthritis. To examine the mechanism underlying this process, we examined the role of perlecan in the proliferation and differentiation of synovial mesenchymal cells(More)
OBJECTIVE Dickkopf-3 (Dkk3) is a non-canonical member of the Dkk family of Wnt antagonists and its upregulation has been reported in microarray analysis of cartilage from mouse models of osteoarthritis (OA). In this study we assessed Dkk3 expression in human OA cartilage to ascertain its potential role in chondrocyte signaling and cartilage maintenance. (More)
Phlpp protein phosphatases are abnormally abundant within human osteoarthritic articular chondrocytes and may contribute to the development of osteoarthritis. Mice lacking Phlpp1 were previously shown to be resistant to post-traumatic osteoarthritis. Here a small molecule with therapeutic properties that inhibits Phlpp1 and Phlpp2 was tested for its ability(More)
AIM We showed previously that E74-like factor 3 (ELF3) protein levels are increased in osteoarthritic (OA) cartilage, that ELF3 accounts for inflammatory cytokine-driven MMP13 gene expression, and that, upon induction by interleukin-1β, ELF3 binds to the COL2A1 promoter and suppresses its activity in chondrocytes. Here, we aimed to further investigate the(More)
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