Kirsty K O'Brien

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BACKGROUND The Alvarado score can be used to stratify patients with symptoms of suspected appendicitis; the validity of the score in certain patient groups and at different cut points is still unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the discrimination (diagnostic accuracy) and calibration performance of the Alvarado score. METHODS A systematic search(More)
Mutations in the genes encoding collagen VI (COL6A1, COL6A2, and COL6A3) cause Bethlem myopathy (BM) and Ullrich congenital muscular dystrophy (UCMD), two related conditions of differing severity. BM is a relatively mild dominantly inherited disorder characterized by proximal weakness and distal joint contractures. UCMD was originally regarded as an(More)
BACKGROUND Stratifying patients with a sore throat into the probability of having an underlying bacterial or viral cause may be helpful in targeting antibiotic treatment. We sought to assess the diagnostic accuracy of signs and symptoms and validate a clinical prediction rule (CPR), the Centor score, for predicting group A β-haemolytic streptococcal (GABHS)(More)
GTP hydrolysis occurs at several specific stages during the initiation, elongation, and termination stages of mRNA translation. However, it is unclear how GTP hydrolysis occurs; it has previously been suggested to involve a GTPase active center in the ribosome, although proof for this is lacking. Alternatively, it could involve the translation factors(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the characteristics of victims and perpetrators of domestic assault. DESIGN AND SETTING Consecutive-sample survey study conducted at the scenes of police calls for domestic assault in Memphis, Tenn, in 1995. PARTICIPANTS A total of 136 participants (72 victims and 64 assailants) involved in 62 incidents of domestic violence and 75(More)
BACKGROUND Infectious mononucleosis (IM) is a clinical syndrome, usually caused by the Epstein Barr virus (EPV), characterised by lymphadenopathy, fever and sore throat. Most cases of symptomatic IM occur in older teenagers or young adults. Usually IM is a benign self-limiting illness and requires only symptomatic treatment. However, occasionally the(More)
Primary metabolism of aflatoxin B1 by the liver microsomal enzymes from a range of animal species showed both quantitative and qualitative differences. Quail was shown to have the most rapid metabolism of aflatoxin B1. The major product of metabolism in this case was found to be aflatoxin B1-8,9-dihydrodiol suggesting that the quail microsomes produced high(More)
BACKGROUND Adult refugees and asylum seekers living in Western countries experience a high prevalence of mental health problems, especially post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and anxiety. This study compares and contrasts the prevalence of health problems, and potential risk factors as well as the utilisation of health services by asylum(More)
Polymorphisms in folate-related genes have emerged as important risk factors in a range of diseases including neural tube defects (NTDs), cancer, and coronary artery disease (CAD). Having previously identified a polymorphism within the cytoplasmic folate enzyme, MTHFD1, as a maternal risk factor for NTDs, we considered the more recently identified(More)
BACKGROUND The CRB-65 score is a clinical prediction rule that grades the severity of community-acquired pneumonia in terms of 30-day mortality. AIM The study sought to validate CRB-65 and assess its clinical value in community and hospital settings. DESIGN OF STUDY Systematic review and meta-analysis of validation studies of CRB-65. METHOD Medline(More)