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Adult neural precursor cells (NPCs) in the subventricular zone (SVZ) normally migrate via the rostral migratory stream (RMS) to the olfactory bulb (OB). Following neural injury, they also migrate to the site of damage. This study investigated the role of Rho-dependent kinase (ROCK) on the migration of NPCs in vitro and in vivo. In vitro, using neurospheres(More)
In a previous study we found that the EphA4 receptor inhibits regeneration following spinal cord injury by blocking regrowth of axons and regulation of astrocyte reactivity. In our original studies using EphA4 null mice [Goldshmit et al., J. Neurosci., 2004] we found attenuated astrocyte reactivity following spinal cord injury. Several other studies have(More)
The EphA4 receptor tyrosine kinase is a major regulator of axonal growth and astrocyte reactivity and is a possible inflammatory mediator. Given that multiple sclerosis (MS) is primarily an inflammatory demyelinating disease and in mouse models of MS, such as experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), axonal degeneration and reactive gliosis are(More)
Reactive astrogliosis constitutes a major obstacle to neuronal regeneration and is characterized by rearrangement and upregulation of expression of cytoskeletal proteins, increased proliferation and hypertrophy. Many approaches have been attempted to mimic astrogliosis by inducing reactive astrocytes in vitro. Such research is usually performed using(More)
Although a myriad of pathological responses contribute to traumatic brain injury (TBI), cerebral dysfunction has been closely linked to cell death mechanisms. A number of therapeutic strategies have been studied in an attempt to minimize or ameliorate tissue damage; however, few studies have evaluated the inherent protective capacity of the brain.(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) has become the signature injury of the military conflict in Iraq and Afghanistan and also has a high rate of occurrence in civilian populations in the United States. Although the effects of a moderate to severe brain injury have been investigated for decades, the chronic effects of single and repetitive mild TBI are just(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) leads to a series of pathological events that can have profound influences on motor, sensory and cognitive functions. Conversely, TBI can also stimulate neural stem/progenitor cell proliferation leading to increased numbers of neuroblasts migrating outside their restrictive neurogenic zone to areas of damage in support of tissue(More)
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