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Cerebellum-like structures in fish appear to act as adaptive sensory processors, in which learned predictions about sensory input are generated and subtracted from actual sensory input, allowing unpredicted inputs to stand out. Pairing sensory input with centrally originating predictive signals, such as corollary discharge signals linked to motor commands,(More)
The electrosensory lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish is the first stage in the central processing of sensory input from electroreceptors. The responses of cells in ELL to electrosensory input are strongly affected by corollary discharge signals associated with the motor command that drives the electric organ discharge (EOD). This study used intracellular(More)
The electrosensory lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish is one of several cerebellum-like sensory structures in fish that remove predictable features of the sensory inflow. This adaptive process obeys anti-Hebbian rules and appears to be mediated by associative depression at the synapses between parallel fibers and Purkinje-like cells of ELL. We show here(More)
The present study describes a measurement-based model of electric image generation in the weakly electric mormyrid fish Gnathonemus petersii. Measurements of skin impedance, internal resistivity and fish body dimensions have been used to generate an electrical-equivalent model of the fish and to calculate electrical images and equivalent dipole sources for(More)
1. This is the first of a series of papers on the electrosensory lobe and closely associated structures in electric fish of the family Mormyridae. The study describes the neuronal responses to sensory stimuli and to corollary discharge signals associated with the motor command that drives the electric organ discharge (EOD). The study is focused on the(More)
This paper is concerned with the electrosensory lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish as examined in in vitro slices. Intracellular recordings from morphologically identified cells and field potential recordings were used to characterize the physiology and pharmacology of ELL cells. Most intracellular recordings were from the Purkinje-like interneurons that(More)
Distance determination in animals can be achieved by visual or non-visual cues. Weakly electric fish use active electrolocation for orientation in the dark. By perceiving self-produced electric signals with epidermal electroreceptors, fish can detect, locate and analyse nearby objects. Distance discrimination, however, was thought to be hardly possible(More)
Knollenorgan electroreceptors in mormyrid fish are concerned with electrocommunication, i.e., with detecting electric organ discharges (EODs) of other electric fish. But knollenorgan electroreceptors are also activated by the fish's own EOD. Potential interference by such self-stimulation is blocked by an inhibitory corollary discharge in the nucleus of the(More)
This is the second paper in a series that describes the morphology, immunohistochemistry, and synaptology of the mormyrid electrosensory lateral line lobe (ELL). The ELL is a highly laminated cerebellum-like structure in the rhombencephalon that subserves an active electric sense: Objects in the nearby environment of the fish are detected on the basis of(More)
1. This is the second of a series of papers on the electrosensory lobe and closely associated structures in electric fish of the family Mormyridae. The focus of the study is on the regions of the electrosensory lobe where primary afferent fibers from mormyromast electroreceptors terminate. 2. This second paper examines the responses of single cells in the(More)