Kirstin R. W. Matthews

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Carboxypeptidase N (CPN) is a plasma zinc metalloprotease, which consists of two enzymatically active small subunits (CPN1) and two large subunits (CPN2) that protect the protein from degradation. CPN cleaves carboxy-terminal arginines and lysines from peptides found in the bloodstream such as complement anaphylatoxins, kinins, and creatine kinase MM(More)
The complement anaphylatoxin C3a, on binding the C3aR, mediates numerous proinflammatory activities. In addition, recent in vitro studies with C3a have implicated C3aR as a possible anti-inflammatory receptor. Because of its possible dual role in modulating the inflammatory response, it is uncertain whether C3aR contributes to the pathogenesis of endotoxin(More)
From professionals to weekend warriors, many athletes seek unproven stem cell (SC) treatments in an effort to heal injuries nonsurgically and/or to accelerate recovery times after surgery. Among the elite athletes opting for these treatments are high-profile U.S. National Football League (NFL) players. Over the past 5 years, several NFL players have(More)
In June 2013, the US Supreme Court ruled that naturally occurring genes were unpatentable in the case Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics. Up until this decision, Myriad Genetics was the only company in the USA that could legally conduct diagnostic testing for BRCA1 and 2, genes that are linked to familial breast and ovarian cancer. The(More)
Complement regulatory proteins prevent excessive complement system activation and deposition, which can lead to host tissue damage, including fetal loss during pregnancy. To further understand the regulation of complement during development, we examined the expression of the complement protein, C3, and the active subunit of carboxypeptidase N (CPN1), the(More)
Carboxypeptidase N (CPN) is a plasma zinc metalloprotease comprised of two small subunits that have enzymatic activity, and two large subunits, which protect the enzyme from degradation. CPN cleaves the carboxyl-terminal amino acids arginine and lysine from biologically active peptides such as complement anaphylatoxins, kinins, and fibrinopeptides. To(More)
Regenerative medicine and stem cell research are exciting new fields. But as the fields progress toward clinical therapies, controversies emerge. Hype surrounding stem cell research has caused an increase in their use in interventions that are not clinically proven. Furthermore, the regulatory agencies have a lot of difficulty dealing with cell therapies,(More)
BACKGROUND In 2004, patient advocate groups were major players in helping pass and implement significant public policy and funding initiatives in stem cells and regenerative medicine. In the following years, advocates were also actively engaged in Washington DC, encouraging policy makers to broaden embryonic stem cell research funding, which was ultimately(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the global expansion of umbilical cord blood (CB) banking, little is known about public opinion and awareness, especially among Arab Muslim populations. CB banking raises policy questions about funding sustainability and quality standards, as well as ethical debates about profitability, informed consent, and medical justification. This(More)
In 2011, courts in both the United States and European Union handed down decisions related to human embryonic stem cell (hESC) research. In both cases, the definition of research was challenged – but the two courts reached different opinions. In the US case, Sherley v. Sebelius, research was defined as a specific project. The US District Court of Appeals(More)