Kirstin Lehmkuhl

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It is widely accepted that sigma (σ) receptors represent a new and different avenue in the possible pharmacological treatment of cancer and several brain-related disorders. Of the two different σ receptor types the σ1 receptors are assumed to be of major impact for brain diseases. Molecular imaging of brain σ1 receptors with positron emission tomography(More)
Directed by molecular modeling studies the pharmacophoric benzhydryl moiety of the delta opioid receptor agonist SNC80 was separated and the two phenyl residues were attached to different positions of the conformationally constrained 6,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane framework in order to find novel delta agonists. The crucial reaction step in the chiral pool(More)
A large set of tetrahydro-2-benzazepines with an α-hydroxy or α-(aryl)alkoxy substituted benzyl moiety in the 5-position was prepared according to the recently reported C6C1 + C3N synthetic strategy. The Heck reaction of 2-iodobenzaldehyde acetal 4 and the subsequent Stetter reaction led to the ketone 7, which was reduced diastereoselectively to form the(More)
A series of novel diastereoisomeric σ ligands 3 was designed, synthesized and pharmacologically evaluated. The highly rigid [4.3.3]propellane scaffold was used to fix the three dimensional orientation of the pharmacophoric moieties required for σ affinity. The syn,syn-configured aminocarbamate syn,syn-3a reveals the most promising σ₁ affinity (Ki = 77 nM)(More)
The novel class of spirocyclic σ(1) ligands 3 (6',7'-dihydro-1'H-spiro[piperidine-4,4'-pyrano[4,3-c]pyrazoles]) was designed by the combination of the potent σ(1) ligands 1 and 2 in one molecule. Thorough structure affinity relationships were derived by the variation of the substituents in position 1', 1, and 6'. Whereas the small electron rich(More)
All possible stereoisomeric alcohols (6-benzyl-8-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonan-2-ol) and methyl ethers (6-benzyl-2-methoxy-8-(4-methoxybenzyl)-6,8-diazabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane) are prepared from (R)- and (S)-glutamate. A Dieckmann analogous cyclization, which makes use of trapping the primary cyclization product with Me3SiCl, generates the(More)
Three sets of stereoisomeric bicyclic kappa agonists with defined orientation of the pharmacophoric elements pyrrolidine and dichlorophenylacetamide were stereoselectively prepared and pharmacologically evaluated. Stereoselective reduction, reductive amination, and Mitsunobu inversions were the key steps for the establishment of the desired stereochemistry.(More)
A selective, rapid and efficient competitive binding assay for the determination of the affinity of compounds towards the ifenprodil binding site of NR2B subunit containing NMDA receptors has been developed. In the assay system, [(3)H]ifenprodil was used as radioligand and membrane homogenates from L(tk-) cells stably expressing recombinant human NR1a/NR2B(More)
5-Pyrrolidinyl substituted perhydroquinoxalines were designed as conformationally restricted κ-opioid receptor agonists restricted to the periphery. The additional N atom of the quinoxaline system located outside the ethylenediamine κ pharmacophore allows the fine-tuning of the pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties. The perhydroquinoxalines were(More)
The standard assay for the determination of σ(1) receptor affinities of novel compounds is a competitive binding assay using [(3)H]-(+)-pentazocine as radioligand and membrane preparations from guinea pig brain. Herein, a novel competitive binding assay was developed employing the hematopoietic cell line of human multiple myeloma (RPMI 8226), which(More)