Kirsten van de Groep

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Respiratory infections are among the most important causes of morbidity and mortality from infectious diseases worldwide. The most common causative bacterium, Streptococcus pneumoniae, frequently colonises the upper respiratory tract, where it resides mostly asymptomatically. Occasionally, however, S pneumoniae can cause severe disease such as pneumonia.(More)
The earliest studies in the late 19th century on Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) carriage used saliva as the primary specimen. However, interest in saliva declined after the sensitive mouse inoculation method was replaced by conventional culture, which made isolation of pneumococci from the highly polymicrobial oral cavity virtually impossible.(More)
Background Sepsis affects over 26 million people worldwide each year resulting in a death every 3 to 4 seconds [1]. For every hour that antibiotics are delayed after the first episode of hypotension, there is a 7.6 % increase in the risk of mortality [2]. Thus, international sepsis guidelines recommend the administration of broad spectrum antimicrobial(More)
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