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The genetic and molecular basis of morphological evolution is poorly understood, particularly in vertebrates. Genetic studies of the differences between naturally occurring vertebrate species have been limited by the expense and difficulty of raising large numbers of animals and the absence of molecular linkage maps for all but a handful of laboratory and(More)
How many genetic changes control the evolution of new traits in natural populations? Are the same genetic changes seen in cases of parallel evolution? Despite long-standing interest in these questions, they have been difficult to address, particularly in vertebrates. We have analyzed the genetic basis of natural variation in three different aspects of the(More)
Hindlimb loss has evolved repeatedly in many different animals by means of molecular mechanisms that are still unknown. To determine the number and type of genetic changes underlying pelvic reduction in natural populations, we carried out genetic crosses between threespine stickleback fish with complete or missing pelvic structures. Genome-wide linkage(More)
The photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1T has two chromosomes, CI (approximately 3.0 Mb) and CII (approximately 0.9 Mb). In this study a low-redundancy sequencing strategy was adopted to analyse 23 out of 47 cosmids from an ordered CII library. The sum of the lengths of these 23 cosmid inserts was approximately 495 kb, which comprised(More)
Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis following the use of rare cutting restriction endonucleases together with Southern hybridization, using markers distributed on chromosomes I and II of Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1, has been used to examine approximately 25 strains of R. sphaeroides in an effort to assess the occurrence of genome complexity in these strains.(More)
Although multiple chromosomes occur in bacteria, much remains to be learned about their structural and functional interrelationships. To study the structure-function relationships of chromosomes I and II of the facultative photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter sphaeroides 2.4.1T, auxotrophic mutants were isolated. Five strains having transposon insertions in(More)
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