Kirsten R. Poore

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Low birth weight is associated with altered adipose tissue deposition and regulation of leptin production. This study determined the effects of naturally occurring variations in birth weight in pigs on postnatal growth patterns, body fat depth and plasma leptin and other hormone concentrations. Low (< 1.47 kg) and high (> 1.53 kg) birth weight piglets were(More)
The early life environment has long-term implications for the risk of developing cardiovascular (CV) disease in adulthood. Fetal responses to changes in maternal nutrition may be of immediate benefit to the fetus, but the long-term effects of these adaptations may prove detrimental if nutrition in postnatal life does not match that predicted by the fetus on(More)
The nutritional environment during development and even prior to conception may contribute to cardiovascular risk. In mature adult female sheep, we investigated the effect of preconceptional and periconceptional maternal nutritional restriction on the vascular reactivity of arteries from four vascular beds supplying the heart, thorax, kidney and hindlimb.(More)
Tissue glucose-6-phosphatase (G6P) and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) activities were investigated in sheep fetuses after experimental manipulation of thyroid hormone status. Increments in hepatic and renal G6P and PEPCK activities seen between 127-130 and 140-145 days of gestation (term, 145 +/- 2 days) were abolished when the normal prepartum(More)
In man, epidemiological studies have shown that low birth weight (BW) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in later life. In this study, the long-term consequences of variations in natural BW on basal cardiovascular function were investigated in pigs at 3 months of postnatal age. Low (< 1.41 kg; n = 20) and high (> 1.52 kg; n = 20)(More)
In utero undernutrition in humans may result in cardiovascular (CV), metabolic, and growth adaptations. In sheep, maternal nutrient restriction during pregnancy, without effects on fetal or birth weight, results in altered CV control in the offspring. Adjustment of gestation length after undernutrition could be a strategy to enhance postnatal(More)
The early-life environment has implications for risk of adult-onset diseases, such as glucose intolerance, insulin insensitivity, and obesity, effects that may occur with or without reduced birth weight. We determined the consequences of nutrient restriction in early gestation and early postnatal life and their interactions on postnatal growth, body(More)
To further understand the relative roles of the pituitary gland and ACTH in the regulation of mRNAs encoding proteins that are essential for adrenal development, we investigated the effects of, first, an ACTH infusion and labour in intact fetuses and, secondly, the effect of an ACTH infusion to fetuses with and without a pituitary gland, on the relative(More)
The early-life environment affects risk of later metabolic disease, including glucose intolerance, insulin resistance and obesity. Changes in hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and sympathoadrenal function may underlie these disorders. To determine consequences of undernutrition in early gestation and/or immediately following weaning on HPA axis and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to compare the effects of the selective prostaglandin synthase type 2 inhibitor nimesulide, alone or in combination with the oxytocin receptor antagonist atosiban, on the progression of glucocorticoid-induced premature labor in sheep. Effects on circulating maternal and fetal prostaglandin concentrations and on fetal(More)