Kirsten Ohm Kyvik

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Recent genome-wide association (GWA) studies of lipids have been conducted in samples ascertained for other phenotypes, particularly diabetes. Here we report the first GWA analysis of loci affecting total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol and triglycerides sampled randomly from 16(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of neck pain (NP) in the world population and to identify areas of methodological variation between studies. A systematic search was conducted in five databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, OSH-ROM, and PsycINFO), followed by a screening of reference lists of relevant papers. Included papers were(More)
Recent genome-wide association studies have described many loci implicated in type 2 diabetes (T2D) pathophysiology and β-cell dysfunction but have contributed little to the understanding of the genetic basis of insulin resistance. We hypothesized that genes implicated in insulin resistance pathways might be uncovered by accounting for differences in body(More)
Body mass index (BMI), a simple anthropometric measure, is the most frequently used measure of adiposity and has been instrumental in documenting the worldwide increase in the prevalence of obesity witnessed during the last decades. Although this increase in overweight and obesity is thought to be mainly due to environmental changes, i.e., sedentary(More)
STUDY DESIGN Prospective study with 8-year follow-up. OBJECTIVE To describe the evolution of low back pain from adolescence into adulthood. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA High prevalence rates of low back pain among children and adolescents have been demonstrated in several studies, and it has been theorized that low back pain in childhood may have(More)
CONTEXT Autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITD) comprise Graves' disease (GD) and Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). They are characterized by loss of immunological self-tolerance and female preponderance. Theoretically, X chromosome inactivation (XCI) and resultant tissue chimerism could offer an explanation for the female predisposition to AITD. AIM Our aim was(More)
This study investigated the role of genetic factors (CYP1A2) in caffeine metabolism. The CYP1A2 activity was determined in 378 Danish twins following oral intake of a single dose of 200 mg caffeine and subsequent determination of the caffeine ratio (AFMU+1MU+1MX)/17DMU in a 6-h urine sample. The mean (+/- SD) caffeine ratio was 5.9 +/- 3.4. The caffeine(More)
BACKGROUND Twin studies have concluded that there is a substantial genetic contribution to the aetiology of eating disorders. The aim of the present study was to estimate the genetic contribution to the aetiology of self-reported eating disorders in a sample of representative twins. METHOD A population cohort of 34142 young Danish twins was screened for(More)
To investigate the genetic influence on X chromosome inactivation and on age-related skewing of X inactivation, in particular, we analysed the X inactivation pattern (XIP) in peripheral blood cells from 118 young monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs (18-53 years), 82 elderly MZ twin pairs (55-94 years), 146 young dizygotic (DZ) twin pairs (20-54 years) and 112(More)
BACKGROUND A sedentary lifestyle remains a major threat to health in contemporary societies. To get more insight in the relative contribution of genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in exercise participation, twin samples from seven countries participating in the GenomEUtwin project were used. METHODOLOGY Self-reported data on(More)