Kirsten Krätzel

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The HIV Nef protein mediates endocytosis of surface receptors that correlates with disease progression, but the link between this Nef function and HIV pathogenesis is not clear. Here, we report that Nef-mediated activation of membrane trafficking is bidirectional, connecting endocytosis with exocytosis as occurs in activated T cells. Nef expression induced(More)
BACKGROUND One of the consistently observed features in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are markedly increased neutrophils in the airways which are accompanied by increased levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in induced sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid. To some extent, IL-8 may derive from bronchial epithelial cells since airway epithelium(More)
INTRODUCTION CXC chemokine receptor 1 (CXCR1) and CXC chemokine receptor 2 (CXCR2) have been shown to play an important role in transepithelial migration of neutrophil granulocytes during inflammation in various tissues. This study investigated the regulation of gene expression and surface expression of CXCR1 and CXCR2 in a human bronchial epithelial cell(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the basal level as well as the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha- and interferon (IFN)-gamma-induced expression and release of the neutrophil chemoattractants interleukin (IL)-8 and growth-related oncogene (GRO)-alpha in primary bronchial epithelial cells (PBECs) from smokers without airflow(More)
Allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (SCT) has emerged as a curative therapeutic option. However, the role of graft-versus-host disease in lung injury after SCT has yet to be determined. In the present study, primary bronchial epithelial cells and the bronchial epithelial cell line BEAS-2B were used to investigate immune responses of(More)
The HIV Nef protein recruits the polycomb protein Eed and mimics an integrin receptor signal for reasons that are not entirely clear. Here we demonstrate that Nef and Eed complex with the integrin effector paxillin to recruit and activate TNFα converting enzyme (TACE alias ADAM 17) and its close relative ADAM10. The activated proteases cleaved proTNFα and(More)
An increasing body of evidence indicates that the bronchial epithelium plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of this study was to identify new genes whose bronchoepithelial expression is specifically altered in COPD patients. Primary bronchial epithelial cell (PBEC) cultures were established(More)
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