Kirsten Knape

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BACKGROUND Combined epidural/spinal analgesia utilizing a needle-through-needle technique has become very popular in anesthesia. However, findings of concave deformities at the orifice of Tuohy needles after spinal needle passage have raised concerns that metal fragments might be deposited within the epidural space. This study was proposed to investigate(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether continuous epidural analgesia with bupivacaine and fentanyl affects the rate of cervical dilation and myometrial contractility. METHODS In a 5-week period, 62 consecutive women who received standardized epidural analgesia were matched with the next two groups of 124 consecutive women of the same parity who did not receive(More)
Oxytocin is a commonly used uterotonic that can cause significant and even fatal hypotension, particularly when given as a bolus. The resulting hypotension can be produced by a decrease in systemic vascular resistance or cardiac output through a decrease in venous return. Parturients with normal volume status, heart valves and pulmonary vasculature most(More)
One hundred healthy parturients were divided at random into two demographically similar groups and were positioned for cesarean section either horizontally or flexed 5 to 10 degrees head up, with a 15 degrees lateral tilt. A Doppler ultrasound transducer was positioned over the fourth intercostal space parasternally. Initially, two patients received spinal,(More)
Pharmacological inhibition of cardiac hERG K(+) channels is associated with increased risk of lethal arrhythmias. Many drugs reduce hERG current by directly binding to the channel, thereby blocking ion conduction. Mutation of two aromatic residues (F656 and Y652) substantially decreases the potency of numerous structurally diverse compounds. Nevertheless,(More)
It is generally believed that bolus injections of local anesthetic through an epidural needle produce a more rapid onset of blockade, but at the expense of an increased incidence and severity of hypotension, whereas intermittent injections through a catheter take longer to achieve adequate anesthesia but with a lower risk of hypotension. The present study(More)