Kirsten G. Swenson

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Gal alpha 1,3Gal-reactive (Gal-reactive) antibodies are a major impediment to pig-to-human xenotransplantation. We investigated the potential to induce tolerance of anti-Gal-producing cells and prevent rejection of vascularized grafts in the combination of alpha 1,3-galactosyltransferase wild-type (GalT(+/+)) and deficient (GalT(-/-)) mice. Allogeneic (H-2(More)
Using a alpha 1,3-galactosyltransferase wild-type (GalT(+/+)) to deficient (GalT(-/-)) mouse bone marrow transplantation model, we have previously demonstrated that a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen is capable of permitting induction of allogeneic and xenogeneic mixed chimerism. Chimerism is associated with the rapid and lasting tolerization of(More)
In a recently developed murine model for the induction of mixed chimerism and tolerance, hosts are treated with T cell depleting monoclonal antibodies (TCD mAbs; days -5, -1 and +7), thymic irradiation (TI) (7 Gy), and a high dose of fully allogeneic bone marrow cells (BMC, 200 x 10(6)). To find the minimum amount of each treatment required for success with(More)
BACKGROUND Successful transplantation of solid organs relies on long-term immunosuppression for the prevention of graft rejection. Donor-specific tolerance without the need for continuous immunosuppression can be observed after allogeneic BMT. However, its routine use for tolerance induction has been precluded so far by the high conditioning-related(More)
BACKGROUND Mixed hematopoietic chimerism is a reliable means of tolerance induction, but its utility has not been demonstrated in discordant xenogeneic combinations because of the difficulty in achieving lasting hematopoietic engraftment. Miniature swine are likely to be suitable organ donors for humans. To evaluate the ability of mixed chimerism to induce(More)
BACKGROUND Xenogeneic donor-specific tolerance can be induced by transplanting fetal pig thymus and liver tissue (FP THY/LIV) to thymectomized (ATX), T/NK cell-depleted mice. By using neonatal pig tissue, we hoped to overcome two obstacles that arise with the use of fetal pig tissue: (1) the inability to keep fetal pigs alive after harvesting their thymic(More)
Specific tolerance to discordant xenogeneic donors can be achieved by grafting of fetal pig thymic and liver tissue (FP THY/LIV) to T cell and NK cell-depleted, thymectomized (ATX) mice. Mouse CD4+ T cells develop in FP THY/LIV grafts, and demonstrate remarkably normal immune function, including host-restricted responses to keyhole limpet hemocyanin. We(More)
Mouse CD4+ T cells efficiently develop in fetal pig thymus (FP THY) grafts and repopulate the periphery of T cell and NK cell-depleted, thymectomized (ATX) mice. However, efficient peripheral repopulation of mouse CD8+ T cells does not occur in these mice. We have therefore evaluated the maturation and function of mouse CD8 single positive (SP) thymocytes(More)