Kirsten Foss

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Recent work links entrepreneurship to the economic theory of the firm, using the concept of entrepreneurship as judgment introduced by Frank Knight. When judgment is complementary to other assets, it makes sense for entrepreneurs to hire labour and to own assets. The entrepreneur’s role, then, is to arrange or organize the human and capital assets under his(More)
We analyze a key problem in organization theory and design, namely the potential tension between authority (i.e., the power to make decisions which guide the decisions of another person) and the discretion of employees (i.e., the ability of an agent to control resources including his own human capital). The problem is rooted in the fact that in(More)
We examine the argument, put forward by modern management writers and, in a somewhat different guise by Austrian economists, that authority is not a viable mechanism of coordination in the presence of “distributed knowledge” We define authority and distributed knowledge and argue that authority is compatible with distributed knowledge. Moreover, it is not(More)
Transaction cost, property rights, and resource-based approaches to the firm assume that assets, both tangible and intangible, are heterogeneous. Arranging these assets to minimize contractual hazards, to provide efficient investment incentives, or to exploit competitive advantage is conceived as the prime task of economic organization. None of these(More)
We discuss and examine empirically a firm-level equivalent of the ancient problem of ‘tying the King’s hands’, namely how to avoid managerial intervention that is undertaken to reap private benefits but is harmful to overall value creation, that is, ‘managerial opportunism’. The link from managerial intervention to firm-level value-creation is moderated by(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the process used to notify pediatric patients who received transfusions of blood or blood products at our institution before donor blood was routinely screened for antibodies to HIV (1985) and hepatitis C virus (1990), and to evaluate the effectiveness of the notification program. DESIGN Patients who had received transfusions were(More)
The connection between entrepreneurship and economic organization is an under-researched topic in the economics of organization. This paper argues that key insights of the Austrian school of economics with respect to entrepreneurship and the nature and role of property rights and ownership may be useful ingredients in the economics of organization. Thus, we(More)
We discuss contract theory from a combined Austrian/new institutional view. In the latter view, the world is seen as shot through with ignorance and transaction costs, but, as a tendency, entrepreneurial activity responds to the problems caused by these. All modeling must critically reflect this. This ontological commitment is contrasted to various(More)