Kirsten C. Morley

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Male Wistar rats were administered either (a) a high dose regime of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA) (4 x 5 mg/kg, i.p. over 4 h on each of 2 consecutive days), (b) a moderate dose regime of MDMA (1 x 5 mg/kg on each of 2 consecutive days), (c) D-amphetamine (4 x 1 mg/kg over 4 h on each of 2 days), or (d) vehicle injections. The high MDMA dose(More)
There is some uncertainty whether the acute hyperthermia caused by MDMA (ecstasy) plays a significant role in determining the long-term neurotoxic effects on brain 5-HT systems and associated changes in mood and behaviour. The present study assessed whether long-term behavioural and cognitive changes seen in MDMA-treated rats are affected by hyperthermia at(More)
A series of experiments administered a low dose range (0, 1.25, 2.5 and 5 mg/kg) of (+/-)-3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, 'Ecstasy') to rats and assessed them in a variety of standard tests of anxiety. These tests included the emergence and elevated plus-maze tests, social interaction, cat odor avoidance and footshock-induced ultrasonic(More)
3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") is a drug frequently used under hot conditions in nightclubs. In rats tested in the social interaction paradigm, greater prosocial effects of MDMA (5.0 mg/kg) were seen at a hot temperature (30 degrees C) relative to normal laboratory temperature (21 degrees C). In the intravenous drug self-administration(More)
Abstract Rationale. Rats avidly consume standard off-the-shelf beer; however, the behavioural consequences of beer consumption in rodents have hardly been studied. Objectives. The present study examined the acute anxiolytic and ataxic effects of beer consumption in rats and the anxiogenic effects of withdrawal from free access to beer. Method. In experiment(More)
AIM To compare the efficacy of acamprosate and naltrexone in the treatment of alcohol dependence. DESIGN A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING Three treatment centres in Australia. PARTICIPANTS A total of 169 alcohol dependent subjects were given naltrexone (50 mg/day), acamprosate (1998 mg/day) or placebo for 12 weeks. INTERVENTION All(More)
Over 50% of people with a severe mental illness also use illicit drugs and/or alcohol at hazardous levels. This review is based on the findings of 32 randomized controlled trials which assessed the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions, offered either as one-off treatments or as an integrated or nonintegrated program, to reduce substance use by people(More)
The long-term behavioural and neurotoxic effects of 3,4-methlyenedioxymethampthetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") were examined in rats. Rats were given MDMA (5 mg/kg i.p. once per hour for 4 h) or vehicle injections on each of two consecutive days at an ambient temparature of 28 degrees C. MDMA caused acute hyperthermia and locomotor hyperactivity on both days.(More)
Cannabinoid-MDMA interactions were examined in male Wistar rats. MDMA (4 x 5 mg/kg or 2 x 10 mg/kg over 4 h on each of 2 days) was administered with or without Delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) (4 x 2.5 mg/kg), the synthetic cannabinoid receptor agonist CP 55,940 (2 x 0.1 or 0.2 mg/kg) or the cannabinoid receptor antagonist SR 141716 (2 x 5 mg/kg).(More)
The current study assessed whether various co-administered serotonin (5-HT) receptor antagonists could prevent some of the acute behavioral effects of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy") in rats. In the social interaction test, MDMA (5 mg/kg) significantly increased the duration of total social interaction between two conspecifics meeting(More)