Kirsi Vaaralahti

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BACKGROUND Kallmann syndrome (KS), comprised of congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) and anosmia, is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous disorder. Its exact incidence is currently unknown, and a mutation in one of the identified KS genes has only been found in ~30% of the patients. METHODS Herein, we investigated epidemiological, clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) is a rare cause for delayed or absent puberty. These patients may recover from HH spontaneously in adulthood. To date, it is not possible to predict who will undergo HH reversal later in life. Herein we investigated whether Finnish patients with reversal of congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism(More)
BACKGROUND Congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH), a rare disorder characterized by absent, partial, or delayed puberty, can be caused by the lack or deficient number of hypothalamic gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) neurons. SEMA3A was recently implicated in the etiology of the disorder, and Sema7A-deficient mice have a reduced number of GnRH(More)
Patients with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH) may have reduced peak bone mass in early adulthood, and increased risk for osteoporosis despite long-term hormonal replacement therapy (HRT). To investigate the relationship between HRT history and measures of bone health in patients with HH, we recruited 33 subjects (24 men, nine women; mean age(More)
OBJECTIVE In search of phenotypic cues that would allow early detection of Kallmann syndrome (KS), we evaluated the paediatric phenotypes in a series of females with KS. DESIGN, PATIENTS AND MEASUREMENTS In this retrospective cohort study, we investigated childhood growth in six females with KS due to mutations in FGFR1 and evaluated their reproductive(More)
BACKGROUND Recently variation in LIN28B, a human ortholog of the gene-regulating processing of micro-RNAs (miRNAs) controlling the timing of major developmental events in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, was reported to be associated with timing of puberty in humans. In C. elegans, a gain-of-function allele of lin-28 causes a retarded phenotype. (More)
Mutations in FGFR1, GNRHR, PROK2, PROKR2, TAC3, or TACR3 underlie isolated hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (IHH) with clinically variable phenotypes, and, by causing incomplete intrauterine activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, may lead to cryptorchidism. To investigate the role of defects in these genes in the etiology of isolated(More)
Variation in FGFR1, GNRHR, TAC3, and TACR3 was evaluated in 146 Finnish subjects with constitutional delay of growth and puberty. Although one male subject carried a previously undescribed heterozygous deletion (Phe309del) in GNRHR, which segregated with delayed puberty in his family, mutations in the coding regions of FGFR1, GNRHR, TAC3, and TACR3 are not(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate peripheral levels of inhibin B and antimüllerian hormone (AMH) in boys during peripuberty and in patients with congenital hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH). DESIGN Randomized, placebo-controlled trial (peripubertal boys); and cross-sectional clinical study (males with HH). SETTING University central hospital. PATIENT(S)(More)