Kirsi Laitinen

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BACKGROUND Results of experimental studies suggest that deviations in gut microbiota composition predispose to excessive energy storage and obesity. The mother influences the original inoculum and the development of infant microbiota, which in turn is associated with later weight gain. OBJECTIVE We characterized the gut microbiota in women according to(More)
BACKGROUND Breast milk is recognized as the most important postpartum element in metabolic and immunologic programming of health of neonates. The factors influencing the milk microbiome and the potential impact of microbes on infant health have not yet been uncovered. OBJECTIVE Our objective was to identify pre- and postnatal factors that can potentially(More)
The perinatal nutritional environment impacts upon the health and well-being of mother and child also in the long term. The aim of the present study was to determine the safety and efficacy of perinatal probiotic-supplemented dietary counselling by evaluating pregnancy outcome and fetal and infant growth during the 24 months' follow-up. Altogether, 256(More)
Many of the immune and metabolic changes occurring during normal pregnancy also describe metabolic syndrome. Gut microbiota can cause symptoms of metabolic syndrome in nonpregnant hosts. Here, to explore their role in pregnancy, we characterized fecal bacteria of 91 pregnant women of varying prepregnancy BMIs and gestational diabetes status and their(More)
BACKGROUND Persons with chronic alcoholism frequently have hypocalcemia, hypomagnesemia, and osteoporosis. The short-term effects of alcohol ingestion on calcium and magnesium metabolism are poorly understood, however. METHODS We measured serum calcium, magnesium, and phosphate concentrations in 17 normal men and 7 normal women before and at intervals up(More)
In vitro infection of freshly isolated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (HPBMC) with Chlamydia pneumoniae was found to induce a production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and interferon alpha (IFN-alpha). The secretion was dependent on the amount of infecting chlamydiae and most of it(More)
Balanced glucose metabolism ensures optimal fetal growth with long-term health implications conferred on both mother and child. We examined whether supplementation of probiotics with dietary counselling affects glucose metabolism in normoglycaemic pregnant women. At the first trimester of pregnancy 256 women were randomised to receive nutrition counselling(More)
A cross-sectional study of 222 healthy Finnish men aged 20-69 years was performed to establish reference values of bone mineral density (BMD) using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA). The effects of age, and of some physical and lifestyle factors on BMD of the lumbar spine and proximal femur (femoral neck, Ward's triangle and trochanter) were(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS To establish whether probiotic supplemented dietary counselling influences maternal anthropometric measurements during and after pregnancy. METHODS At the first trimester of pregnancy 256 women were randomly assigned to receive nutrition counselling to modify dietary intake according to current recommendations or as controls; dietary(More)
CONTEXT Vitamin D regulates 3% of the human genome, including effects on bone health throughout life. Maternal vitamin D status may program neonatal skeletal development. The objective here was to determine the association of mothers' vitamin D status with bone variables of their newborns. SUBJECTS AND METHODS In a birth hospital, pregnant women (n = 125)(More)