Kirsi Laitakari

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A new test was developed to assess speech recognition in noise. The test was designed to be run in a personal computer supplied with a sound card. One thousand disyllabic test words and noise were stored in digitized form on the hard disk of the computer. The measure given by this test is speech recognition threshold in noise (SRTN) corresponding to 50%(More)
The repeatability of posturographic measurements and the effects of sleep deprivation on them were investigated in 23 volunteers over a period of four months. Postural stability was studied by evaluating body sway velocity and the maximal and average vibration-induced shifts of the centre of pressure in the anterio-posterior and lateral directions. The(More)
Static posturography has been developed from a basic research test to a widely used clinical tool for evaluating dizzy patients. Before any actual standardization can be achieved, however, several aspects of the test situations have to be evaluated, including the position of the feet. The quantitative significance of the standing position in posturographic(More)
Voluntary, simulated vertigo and acute vertigo due to vestibular neuritis were examined by means of static posturography in 81 tests to evaluate the extent to which intentional malingering can be detected. Thirty healthy, normal subjects were first instructed to stand as still as possible on a static force platform and then to simulate dizziness. The true(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by structural changes in alveoli and airways. Our aim was to analyse the numbers of alpha-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) positive cells, as a marker of myofibroblasts, in different lung compartments in non-smokers and smokers with normal lung function or COPD. METHODS α-SMA, tenascin-C(More)
Mucin-1 (MUC1) affects cancer progression in lung adenocarcinoma, and its aberrant expression pattern has been correlated with poor tumor differentiation and impaired prognosis. In this study, the immunohistochemical expression of MUC1 and Mucin-4 (MUC4) was analyzed in a series of 106 surgically operated stage I–IV pulmonary adenocarcinomas. MUC1(More)
Conventionally, bone-conduction (BC) hearing aids are tested with skull simulator devices and the individual adjustments are reliant on psychoacoustic free-field audiometry. Here we present a novel PC-based system for in situ measurements of BC hearing aids. With the presented system, we are able to measure the hearing aid induced skull vibrations in(More)
A computerized adaptive Finnish speech in noise test was developed recently. As part of the test's evaluation process 172 patients with sensorineural hearing loss including 20 normally hearing subjects were measured using pure-tone audiometry, speech recognition threshold in noise (SRTN) test and conventional speech audiometry without background noise. As(More)
Aided and unaided binaural versus monaural recognition of speech has been studied with more or less laborious methods when speech and noise sources are spatially separated. The efficacy of the new Finnish speech in noise test to show binaural advantage was evaluated in free field conditions. Thirteen subjects with normal hearing were tested measuring speech(More)
In adaptable, Finnish language, "speech in noise" test was developed using a personal computer equipped with a sound card. each of the 1000 test items stored as a separate digitized wave form file on the hard disk of a personal computer consisted of disyllabic words on one stereo track and synchronized speech noise on the other. Because only a few randomly(More)