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Upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) is a ubiquitously expressed transcription factor controlling several critical genes in lipid and glucose metabolism. Of some 40 genes regulated by USF1, several are involved in the molecular pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although the USF1 gene has been shown to have a critical role in the etiology of(More)
Selenoprotein S (SEPS1) is a novel candidate gene involved in the regulation of inflammatory response and protection from oxidative damage. This study explored the genetic variation in the SEPS1 locus for an association with CVD as well as with quantitative phenotypes related to obesity and inflammation. We used the case-cohort design and time-to-event(More)
Existing knowledge of genetic variants affecting risk of coronary artery disease (CAD) is largely based on genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis of common SNPs. Leveraging phased haplotypes from the 1000 Genomes Project, we report a GWAS meta-analysis of ∼185,000 CAD cases and controls, interrogating 6.7 million common (minor allele frequency (MAF)(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence, complications and burden differ markedly between women and men. Although there is variation in the distribution of lifestyle factors between the genders, they do not fully explain the differences in CVD incidence and suggest the existence of gender-specific genetic risk factors. We aimed to estimate whether(More)
INTRODUCTION Polymorphisms in the gene coding for low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) contribute to variation in bone mass in the general population. Whether this is due to influence on bone mass acquisition or on bone loss thereafter has not been established. METHODS We studied the association of LRP5 polymorphisms with peak bone(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombomodulin is an anticoagulant expressed during endothelial activation and damage. To address the potential role of allelic variants of thrombomodulin gene in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases, we analyzed in a prospective follow-up study 8 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the thrombomodulin locus, covering all common(More)
The genetic background of complex diseases is proposed to consist of several low-penetrance risk loci. Addressing this complexity likely requires both large sample size and simultaneous analysis of different predisposing variants. We investigated the role of four thrombosis genes: coagulation factor V (F5), intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1), protein(More)
The ageing of the global population calls for a better understanding of age-related metabolic consequences. Here we report the effects of age, sex and menopause on serum metabolites in 26,065 individuals of Northern European ancestry. Age-specific metabolic fingerprints differ significantly by gender and, in females, a substantial atherogenic shift(More)
Genetic variants of upstream transcription factor 1 (USF1) have previously been associated with dyslipidaemias in family studies. Our aim was to further address the role of USF1 in metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular traits at the population level in a large Swedish male cohort (n = 2,322) with multiple measurements for risk factors during 32 years of(More)
BACKGROUND Pregnancy triggers well-known alterations in maternal glucose and lipid balance but its overall effects on systemic metabolism remain incompletely understood. METHODS Detailed molecular profiles (87 metabolic measures and 37 cytokines) were measured for up to 4260 women (24-49 years, 322 pregnant) from three population-based cohorts in Finland.(More)