Kirk U. Knowlton

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We investigated extraneural manifestations in scrapie-infected transgenic mice expressing prion protein lacking the glycophosphatydylinositol membrane anchor. In the brain, blood, and heart, both abnormal protease-resistant prion protein (PrPres) and prion infectivity were readily detected by immunoblot and by inoculation into nontransgenic recipients. The(More)
Background—Enteroviral ribonucleic acids have been identified in heart muscle of a subset of patients with myocarditis and dilated cardiomyopathy as well as in a mouse model of persistent coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection, suggesting that persistent viral infection along with activation of an immune response may contribute to the pathogenesis of ongoing(More)
Background—Interferons (IFNs) play an important role in antiviral defense and have therapeutic potential in coxsack-ievirus heart disease. However, little is known about the relative contributions of type I and type II IFN signaling in coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) infection or their role in the cardioselective nature of CVB3 infection. Methods and(More)
The voltage-gated sodium channel Na(v)1.8 is known to function in the transmission of pain signals induced by cold, heat, and mechanical stimuli. Sequence variants of human Na(v)1.8 have been linked to altered cardiac conduction. We identified an allele of Scn10a encoding the α-subunit of Na(v)1.8 among mice homozygous for N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea-induced(More)
OBJECTIVES To address the question as to whether echocardiographic and/or microcomputed tomography (microCT) analysis can be utilized to assess the extent of Coxsackie B virus (CVB) induced myocarditis in the absence of left ventricular dysfunction in the mouse. BACKGROUND Viral myocarditis is a significant clinical problem with associated inflammation of(More)
Background—Enterovirus infection is a cause of cardiomyopathy. We previously demonstrated that enteroviral protease 2A directly cleaves the cytoskeletal protein dystrophin. However, the direct effect of protease 2A in enteroviral cardiomyopathy is less clear because other viral proteins are also expressed with viral infection. Methods and Results—A(More)
Background—Infection with enteroviruses like coxsackievirus B3 (CVB3) as well as genetic dystrophin deficiency can cause dilated cardiomyopathy. We recently identified cleavage and functional impairment of dystrophin by the viral protease 2A during CVB3-infection as a molecular mechanism that may contribute to the pathogenesis of enterovirus-induced(More)
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