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BACKGROUND Pannexin-1 (Panx1) forms an anion-selective channel with a permeability up to ~1 kDa and represents a non-lytic, non-vesicular ATP release pathway in erythrocytes, leukocytes and neurons. Related connexin gap junction proteins have been reported in platelets; however, the expression and function of the pannexins remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To(More)
Several cell types develop extensive plasma membrane invaginations to serve a specific physiological function. For example, the megakaryocyte demarcation membrane system (DMS) provides a membrane reserve for platelet production and muscle transverse (T) tubules facilitate excitation:contraction coupling. Using impermeant fluorescent indicators, capacitance(More)
Hierarchical coding is a promising technique for handling real-time continuous media (i.e., video, audio, etc.), where timely presentation might be more important than totally lossless presentation. Hierarchical coding allows the receiver to have, and if desired present, a progressively better image as data is received and also allows the network to(More)
Ligand-gated ion channels on the cell surface are directly activated by the binding of an agonist to their extracellular domain and often referred to as ionotropic receptors. P2X receptors are ligand-gated non-selective cation channels with significant permeability to Ca(2+) whose principal physiological agonist is ATP. This chapter focuses on the(More)
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